The government has pledged to make more of its datasets available to the public, including schools inspection and NHS performance datasets.
The raw data will be made available over the coming year, chancellor George Osborne said in a speech at Google Zeitgeist on Tuesday.
"Over the next 12 months, we're going to unlock some of the most valuable datasets still locked away in government servers," said Osborne. "Our ambition is to become the world leader in open data, and accelerate the accountability revolution that the internet age has unleashed."
Datasets relating to GP practices, hospital performance, schools, and crime will be made available for mashups, said Osborne. The government wants to "maximise the business opportunities" presented by the datasets, Osborne added.
University College London and Imperial College London are co-developing plans for a research centre to look into into energy, transport, and social data. The research centre will be based in Shoreditch as part of the group of businesses the government calls East London Tech City.
In addition, the government has hired former White House deputy chief technology officer Beth Noveck in an advisory role on open data, Osborne said.