The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) has said that a cybersecurity whitepaper must be produced within 12 months after the federal election to help business and government better respond to cyberthreats.
The last major government policy paper on cybersecurity was published in 2009.
"In a rapidly technologically evolving environment, it's unacceptable for cyber policy to be left without updating for four years," ASPI said in its report, released on Monday.
"This must be addressed as a matter of urgency."
ASPI warned that Australia risks falling behind on cybersecurity globally if it does not act soon on developing better policies.