A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

Summary: Michigan State University researchers have developed a laser that could detect improvised explosive devices (IEDs) with an output comparable to a simple presentation pointer.

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Michigan State University researchers have developed a highly sensitive laser that could detect improvised explosive devices (IEDs) from a safe distance.

Credit: Marcos Dantus

Credit: Marcos Dantus

Marcos Dantus, a chemistry professor at Michigan State leading the research, said that the detection of IEDs in the field is extremely important and challenging because the environment introduces a large number of chemical compounds that mask the select few molecules that one is trying to detect.

“Having molecular structure sensitivity is critical for identifying explosives and avoiding unnecessary evacuation of buildings and closing roads due to false alarms,” he said.

The laser, which has comparable output to a simple presentation pointer, works by combining ultra-short pulses that "kick" the molecules and make them vibrate, as well as long pulses that are used to “listen” and identify the different “chords.” The chords include different vibrational frequencies that uniquely identify every molecule, much like a fingerprint, according to a news release.

Funded in part by the Department of Homeland Security, the laser is paired with a type of powerful spectroscopy known as Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS), which is detailed in a technical paper (PDF) published by the team in Applied Physics Letters.

The laser can work in tandem with cameras and allows users to scan questionable areas from a safe distance.

Another advantage is that it allows to detect IEDs in a manner that is nondestructive as IEDs can be found in populated urban areas. In these environments the laser can distinguish explosives from vast arrays of similar compounds. The MSU laser has been tuned to make these distinctions even for quantities as small as a fraction of a billionth of a gram.

“The laser and the method we’ve developed were originally intended for microscopes, but we were able to adapt and broaden its use to demonstrate its effectiveness for standoff detection of explosives,” said Dantus. He hopes to net additional funding to take this laser from the lab and into the field.

IEDs are homemade weapons that pose a constant threat to coalition soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan, accounting for roughly 60 percent of deaths.

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9 comments
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  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    Now that is a good thing.
    MoeFugger
    • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

      Thank you! It's good to hear that the work looks good ... <a href="http://www.replicawatchesbest.org">cartier replica watches</a>
      meimeili
  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    Kudoz to the developers!
    A quick implementation in areas where NATO forces are deployed is highly desirable.
    mazarin07
    • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

      @mazarin07 AMEN!
      ItsTheBottomLine
  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    I wonder if a way to defeat this detection - would be to sprinkle IED 'dust' EVERYWHERE - so there were infinite false positives. (sigh).
    Mike49209
    • Please don't be so free with such ideas

      Mike, I do not question your intentions but do wish that folks with these types of comments would just not express them. Sure it is obvious but gravity was obvious also for thousands of years before Newton was in the orchard. Please don't give hints that can make it worse for our troops. Clever yes. Unadvisable yes. Peace, Bob
      bobsomm
  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    Bravo! IEDs cause horrible brain injuries. Of course the enemy will adapt, but for now this is great news. It will be much better news when we get our troops out of the 14th century and back home.
    josmyth
  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    Well done!
    harryxebec
  • RE: A 'laser-pointer' for detecting roadside bombs

    But...can it detect an IED in a car trunk?
    How about the now-infamous turban bombs?
    Buried in the road?
    IOW...must the IED be exposed to be detected?
    KenTankerous