My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

Summary: ZDNet's 20th anniversary: two decades ago, gaming was still in full swing. Here are 10 of my favorites from 1991.

TOPICS: Mobility

It's almost impossible to understand how much the world of computer gaming has changed in 20 years. But in 1991, the personal computer was an almost entirely different device than it is today - much more primitive; incapable of displaying hardware-accelerated 3D graphics; barely capable of producing more than primitive beeps unless you'd outfitted it with an expensive sound card; and with a display resolution lower than today's cell phones.

Regardless, it was a golden age for games, when the creativity of individual developers, paired with studios that took some chances, mixed together to produce some really great, fun games for the personal computer.

I won't stir up a hornet's nest by declaring these as the ten best games for 1991. But here are a few of my favorites from that particular era. I'd love to know what you remember from that time, so please make sure to comment.

The Secret of Monkey Island - LucasArts

Ron Gilbert's hilarious and fun graphical pirate adventure game made its debut at about this time, featuring inept Guybrush Threepwood and the dread ghost pirate LeChuck.

It was the auspicious beginning to a series of Monkey Island adventure games that would span a decade. After a period of dormancy it would be resurrected by Telltale Games, which produces Monkey Island games for various platforms today.

Spectre - Velocity Development

A child of the 80s, I spent more quarters in Atari's vector-based tank game Battlezone than almost any other coin-op machine of that period. So when Velocity Development introduced Spectre it was a dream come true - wireframe-based 3D vector graphics and tank combat, set in a "capture the flag" style game.

The game made its debut on the Macintosh (and was later ported to Windows). Mac users had the added benefit of being able to go multiplayer if their machines were linked using LocalTalk connectors - I remember having raucous after-hours Spectre battles with my office mates back in those days. These days, Spectre exists still - dramatically revamped and enhanced, and now on iOS.

Civilization - Microprose

What can I say about Civilization that hasn't already been written? Sid Meier basically lifted up an entire genre with the creation of this game in 1991, a turn-based strategy game that had you lift up a civilization from stone age roots through modern times. Civilization remains one of the most popular and legendary game franchises in video game history.

Settle land, grow your empire, teach your people how to mine, how to farm land, build roads, raise armies and crush your enemies; build technology, create cities, eventually explore the world and get ready to take off in spacecraft. It's almost scary how vast the scope of Civilization is; each game takes hours and hours to complete.

Railroad Tycoon - Microprose

Sid Meier is the game designer behind the epic Civilization series, but I love him best for creating Railroad Tycoon, a game that let you build your own empire as a railroad baron at the dawn of the industrial age. Railroad Tycoon was released a year before Civilization, but I played it well into 1991 and beyond. Railroad Tycoon also distinguishes itself for being the first in a long line of "tycoon" games.

I found out quickly that there's a lot more to becoming Cornelius Vanderbilt than just laying track and running locomotives: you had to understand the nature of supply and demand, play the stock market, pay stockholders, and constantly upgrade and improve to stay ahead of the competition. Even for a 21 year old, it was a crash-course in modern economics that was a lot of fun to play.

Lemmings - Psygnosis

The mistaken belief that Lemmings - small rodents that live in the arctic - go over cliffs en masse to their deaths was the inspiration for DMA Design's Lemmings game. You had to guide these little bipedal creatures - the game's lemmings - from one point to another without letting them get killed. Different kinds of lemmings sported different skills that you used to scale obstacles, avoid traps, change the landscape and more.

Lemmings deserves credit for expanding the puzzle game genre in ways that it hadn't been before; in the years that followed, and even to today, Lemmings has inspired a host of homages and imitations, which attests to the original game's enduring importance.

Wing Commander - Origin Systems

1991 was actually the year that Origin released Wing Commander II: Vengeance of the Kilrathi, which is where I picked up the franchise. But boy, was Wing Commander cool in its day. Even before PCs got 3D graphics cards, designer Chris Roberts figured out how to put you in the cockpit of a spaceship as you defended the Terran Confederation against the alien Kilrathi (an homage to Larry Niven's Kzinti).

Besides the faux-3D gameplay, Wing Commander distinguished itself by offering a branching storyline - how well you did determined the outcome of the game. Wing Commander II was even better than its predecessor - improved graphics, voice acting and nifty cutscenes; it's largely been the template that epic, sprawling action games for the PC have followed for the past 20 years.

Chuck Yeager's Air Combat - Electronic Arts

Flight simulators and aircraft combat games were already old hat by 1991, but Chuck Yeager's Air Combat - CYAC for short - distinguished itself by balancing realism with fun. You got a chance to fly a few different combat aircraft ranging from famed World War II-era prop-driven fighters like the P-51D Mustang and FW190 to jets like the F-86 Sabre, F-4 Phantom and even a few Soviet MiGs.

But what separated CYAC from the rest was its namesake, who was more than just a name slapped on the box. Legendary test pilot Chuck Yeager actually consulted on the game, and even recorded some voice tracks for the game, which kick in when you need a bit of encouragement. I played this one on the Mac, which was actually better than its MS-DOS counterpart, thanks to multiplayer network support and higher resolution graphics.

RoboSport - Maxis

In retrospect, Maxis is best known as the original creator of the SimCity game series. But in 1991 they took a break from Sim games to publish RoboSport, a turn-based strategy game in which you create teams of robots then move them around a playfield. You needed to program them cleverly enough to anticipate what your opponent was going to do at the next turn, using different weapons and obstacles on the board to your advantage.

It was a clever idea and extarordinarily addictive, and I spent many nights trying to concoct a winning combination that would keep me playing to the next level. It was another early game to support networking, so you could go head to head against other players on a LAN.

Llamatron: 2112 - Llamasoft

Let me say at the outset that Jeff Minter is weird, and that his taste doesn't suit everyone. But I unabashedly think the guy is a genius, and one game I remember from the early 1990s very well is Llamatron. It was a shooter action game, and a love letter to Eugene Jarvis' impeccable arcade game Robotron: 2084, featuring...well, llamas.

I don't really pretend to understand what the hell is going on in Minter's mind, but these poor llamas are assaulted with wave after wave of enemies ranging from cigarette papers to Coke cans, hamburgers and more. Your goal is to save them by collecting them into a herd.

The game play was ridiculously fun and very addictive, and the llamas and other stuff in the game were just plain weird. It made for an unforgettable gaming experience - which pretty much summarizes everything Minter's done. (And file under "beating a dead ruminant:" Minter has resurrected the concept once more for a recent iOS game called 'Minotaur 2112.')

Duke Nukem - Apogee Software

1991 was the first time we saw that crewcut action hero Duke Nukem take to the computer screen. This side-scrolling action game pit muscled action hero Duke Nukem against Dr. Proton, an evil madman with diabolical plans to take over the world using his army of robots.

Distributed as shareware, you could play through the game's first episode (of three) without paying. More than that, and you needed to fork over a license fee to Apogee. This sounds routine, but this was a time when almost no one had Internet access - games were still being distributed either on BBS's or on compilation CDs and floppies. So it was a pretty radical departure compared to buying a game in a box from a store.

I admit that Duke Nukem's gameplay wasn't particularly ground-breaking - it was basically the same style of gameplay as other side scrollers of the day like Mega Man. But Duke Nukem was popular enough to spawn a franchise that continues to this day - well, assuming that Duke Nukem Forever ever actually does ship.

Alien Breed - Team 17

One of the best games ever made for the Amiga came out in 1991: Alien Breed, a top-down shooter plainly inspired by the Alien movies. Alien Breed played a bit like Gauntlet - you made your way through a space station crawling with toothy, clawed aliens, and it was your job to eradicate the infestation. You could power up and get new weapons from computer terminals as you faced off against wave after wave of gradually more powerful aliens, eventually facing off against an alien boss.

Team 17 went on to create the popular and enduring Worms game series, but for gamers of a certain age, they'll always be the makers of Alien Breed.

Commander Keen in Invasion of the Vorticons - Id Software

We've so associated Id Software with the Doom, Quake (and soon Rage) series of games that it's hard to believe that they developed anything else. But develop they did, and Commander Keen was the first game series they ever released.

A side-scrolling action game released as a series of "episodes," the games follow the adventre of Billy Blaze, an eight year old who becomes Commander Keen and has to fight the Vorticons, aliens bent on causing mischief on Mars and destroying Earth.

» Return to ZDNet's 20th Anniversary Special

Topic: Mobility

Kick off your day with ZDNet's daily email newsletter. It's the freshest tech news and opinion, served hot. Get it.


Log in or register to join the discussion
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Wing Humans vs. the race of evolved cats. The game's mere mention gave me a profound nostalgic mental image of late late nights in Houck House co-ed dorm at Ohio State University on my roommates 286 with a 300bps "Hayes compatible" modem and a BBS list of dial-up numbers taped to the side of the 640x480 VGA monitor. And it was the 'coolest thing' to have a 16bit sound blaster audio card to play clips of movie quotes in wave format such as "Goooooood morning Viet naaaaam!" which I blasted, and I mean BLASTED one morning through my roommates huge stereo speakers the very second 'quiet hours' was over at 7am. People several dorm buildings away heard it. Ah, those were the days....
  • Classic Games

    Wing Commander -- yes that was a classic PC game. Later I learned though the concept of enemy space cats wasn't original to WC however. The Ringworld and its author Larry Niven should be given some acknowledgement for some of the popular fictional riffs that some highly popular computer games now use (ie: WC and Halo's Ringworld ).

    Also worthy of mention:
    The ULTIMA series (eventually gave birth to one of the first popular MMORPG's)
    The Falcon (F-16 simulator) series (extremely advanced for its time)
    These 2 were groundbreaking in their own ways.

    And a bit later:
    The Elder Scrolls series -- (1994+) which continues to this day (TES V)
    And arguably the best written RPG of all time: Planescape Torment (1999)
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Some of my favorites from that time were the flight simulation games from Microprose like F-15 Strike Eagle, Gunship and F-19 Stealth Fighter. Add to the list games like the X-Wing series, King's Quest, Police Quest and Space Quest.
  • And the hardware?

    What were we using back then? 486DX2 or whatever it was called? Could we afford 16MB of RAM? And all those attempts at loading drivers high in DOS to get a few more KB of usable memory? Ah, sweet (or maybe not so sweet) memories.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Origins games were awesome; they were so hardware intensive that people use to say their next game will only run on hardware not yet invented. This article brings back a lot of great memories, configuring DMA?s and IRQ ?s just to get a game to load?. Code wheels?.ah the list is endless; Fun to look back on now but sometimes not so fun then.
    Oh and the Wing Commander game that shipped in the big silver film canister...classic
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    I was too young to start PC gaming in 1991, and didn't start until 1996-1997. C&C, Age of Empires, Duke Nukem 3-D, Shadow Warrior and Diablo were my games of choice back in the mid 90's. Blood and MDK were also pretty badass games too.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Ah yes, DMA Design, now known as Rockstar North.

    Lemmings and Grand Theft Auto, quite a varied contribution to the industry.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Leisure suit Larry?
    • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

      LOL I was just about to ask that as well. How could you have not played Leisure Suit Larry in the 90s?
      Loverock Davidson
    • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

      @willfordcr I think I have every LSL game they produced.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Tribes 1, Tribes 2 and Tribes Next
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    DOS and Battle Chess anyone? Loved the jumping around on one foot demise.
  • Games from 1991

    I'd like to nominate Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space for an honorable mention. Land a man on the Moon before your opponent and learn a little about the Space Race along the way. Better yet, the game's now been ported to modern operating systems.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Can I go back to 1981 when I first started working with a Siemens clone of the IBM360, We had an amusing lunar module lander game written in Basic.
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    Bunu mu demek istediniz? Cok guzel bir oyun be?eni ile oynuyorum ama bunun metin2
    Metin veya web sitesi adresi yaz?n ya da bir dok?man? ?evirin.
    Fonetik olarak okuyun
    T?rk?e dilinden ?ngilizce diline ?eviri
    I play a game with very nice, but it <a href="" title="metin2" target="_blank">metin2</a>
    <a href="" title="metin2 pvp" target="_blank">metin2 pvp</a>
    <a href="" title="metin2 pvp serverler" target="_blank">metin2 pvp serverler</a>

    and install servers by lara s depending on the tour game bilrisiniz

    <a href="" title="tuztanem" target="_blank">tuztanem</a>
    <a href="" title="manolyam" target="_blank">manolyam</a>
    <a href="" title="manolya" target="_blank">manolya</a>

    <a href="" title="metin2 pvp serverler" target="_blank">metin2 pvp serverler</a>
    <a href="" title="metin2 pvp server kurma" target="_blank">metin2 pvp serverler kurma</a>
    <a href="" title="gm komutlari" target="_blank">gm komutlari</a>
    <a href="" title="1299 gm komutlar?" target="_blank">1299 gm komutlari</a>
    <a href="" title="gm komutlar? knight" target="_blank">gm komutlari knight</a>
    <a href="" title="mt2 pvp server kurma" target="_blank">mt2 pvp serverler kurma</a>
  • RE: My 10 favorite computer games from 1991

    NetHack hosted on the VAX.