France has its own PRISM system: Report

France has its own PRISM system: Report

Summary: As the US and the UK admit that they are intercepting data for intelligence purposes, an investigative report has revealed that the French government is doing the same.

TOPICS: Security, Government

An investigative report by French daily paper Le Monde has uncovered what it calls the "French Big Brother": Its own local version of the PRISM-like systems in place in the US and the UK.

Le Monde's report states that French external intelligence agency the Directorate-General for External Security (DGSE) has been intercepting metadata from phone calls, emails, and internet activity from domestic services, as well as between France and other countries.

The information was captured and stored in a database in servers that a total of six French intelligence agencies and Paris' prefectural police have access to. The other agencies are the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DRM), the Directorate of Protection and Security of Defense (DPSD), the Central Directorate of Internal Security (DCRI), the Directorate of National Intelligence and Customs Investigations (DNRED), and the country's anti-fraud division, Tracfin.

It is believed that the data is compressed and stored in a datacentre spanning three floors in DGSE's basement. Le Monde has linked the PRISM-eque system to DGSE's supercomputer, which its technical director Bernard Barbier has previously spoken about.

According to Le Monde, the supercomputer is able to process tens of millions of gigabytes of data, and generates enough thermal energy to heat DGSE's buildings.

Le Monde named Google, Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft, Apple, and Yahoo as a few of the sites that French intelligence services are tapping as part of their signals intelligence operations. The paper's report further claims that the metadata is being used to determine the relationships and connections that people have with others to help provide intelligence as to whether it would be appropriate to conduct more overt forms of surveillance, such as phone tapping, presumably for the actual content.

As for the legality of such a system, intercepts are meant to require the authorisation of the prime minister or only after the French National Consultative Commission for Security Interceptions recommends such a course of action. An unnamed source reported to Le Monde, however, that due to the "legal vagueness surrounding metadata", intelligence agencies have been able to store information without technically breaking the law.

Topics: Security, Government

Michael Lee

About Michael Lee

A Sydney, Australia-based journalist, Michael Lee covers a gamut of news in the technology space including information security, state Government initiatives, and local startups.

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  • As Always

    Look to those governments/officials who doth protest too much to find the hypocrites.
    • Now now...

      Let's be fair. These politicians could just be genuinely clueless ;)
  • Could be part of the reason why...

    ...Edward Snowden is having a hard time finding a government that will give him asylum. Normally, the French would be more than happy to thumb their noses at the Americans, but it doesn't make a lot of sense to if they have a PRISM program of their own.

    Notice how eager the Russians are to help Snowden out (not at all).
    John L. Ries
    • OK

      It appears that Chavezista Venezuela and its allies want him. They can have him, AFAIC.

      Given Snowden's apparent libertarian leanings, I don't think this would be a comfortable relationship.
      John L. Ries
  • mon dieu!! the naughty cheese eating rascals

    Rolls over and heads back to sleep