India should be using only locally-developed technology to fend off cyberespionage activities as foreign-made equipment can be manipulated by other countries for spying.
According to a report by the Economic Times on Sunday, cybersecurity analyst Jiten Jain said there are countries which are subsidizing their domestic IT companies to sell products abroad below cost prices in order to facilitate spying on other nations. This happens not just between feuding nations, but among friendly countries too, he said.
"Only using complete, indigenously-developed technology can save [India] from espionage," Jain said.
The cybersecurity analyst added telecom networks and smartphones can be bugged, and there have been cases in which the equipment automatically updates itself without the user's knowledge. Malware is also evolving and can self-destruct or be programmed for one-time use during the critical stage of a hack, he said.
The report added that Indian authorities urged ethical hackers to work with them to spread awareness and detect vulnerabilities in the networks.
In 2011, a Malaysian university professor expressed similar sentiments as Jain. The professor said Malaysia must develop its own IT security software to reduce data leaks and intelligence breaches from foreign software.