IT contractor wins key IR35 battle

IT contractor wins key IR35 battle

Summary: BAE contractor Mike Ansell has won his IR35 case based on five crucial points that other contractors will now be able to use in a fight with the Inland Revenue

TOPICS: Networking
A contractor working for British Aerospace has won his IR35 case against the Inland Revenue, in a landmark decision that is likely to help other contractors who are disputing their status under the controversial tax rule.

The ruling, by the Special Commissioners of Income Tax, does not set a legally binding precedent but it will have a significant influence on other such cases, said David Smith of tax consultants Accountax. Smith handled the case on behalf of the contractor, Mike Ansell from St Albans in Hertfordshire.

Ansell, an IT specialist working in the defence sector who has undertaken several projects for BAE Systems, said he was greatly relieved by the judgment. "It has taken nearly two years to have this matter resolved," he said in a statement, "and I am over the moon. I hope that this ruling will help thousands of other contractors in a similar situation."

Smith said there were five reasons why the judge came to the decision that Ansell was not, as the Revenue contended, disguised as a permanent employee and therefore liable to pay more tax.

"First, there was no obligation on the part of British Aerospace to give Mike work," said Smith. "And second, there was no obligation on the part of Mike to do a minimum or guaranteed number of hours, so there was no mutuality of obligation."

The third reason for the judgment, said Smith, was that Ansell had the flexibility to take time off when he wanted and didn't need to ask permission. "The judge highlighted this as an important distinction between a person in full employment and a contract worker," said Smith.

Ansell also had the ability to offer a substitute worker, said Smith, although in practice he never did. The judge also placed a lot of importance on the day-to-day differences between someone such as Ansell and a regular employee -- he didn't have access to a company pension, a company car, paid holiday, or grievance procedures.

"The other point which is helpful in this judgment," said Smith, "is that the Revenue's main argument is to say 'is the contractor acting as a person in business on his own account?'. This is one of the traditional legal tests." When judges laid down this test, said Smith, they outlined several criteria - including whether the individual has their own premises or carries financial risk - that would determine whether someone is acting as a business on their own account.

"The Revenue said Ansell didn't have these characteristics," said Smith. "But the judges said no, you can apply that test too rigidly. You need to look at the nature of the person's position on more subjective basis." Someone such as Mike Ansell, he said, who is doing highly classified security work in a secure BAE location, would not be expected to behave like an entrepreneur. "This is good because it knocks that Revenue argument on the head."

The Professional Contractors Group, which has campaigned vigorously against IR35, welcomed the result. Chairman Dr Simon Juden said, "This comprehensive and detailed judgment helps provide clarification regarding the tax status of freelance consultants, and we are pleased to see yet another ruling that is consistent with PCG's historical advice and our understanding of employment status."

Topic: Networking

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  • Repeal this ill-conceived regulation:

    Perhaps now the government will repeal IR35, this ill-conceived and very poorly drafted regulation. IR35 seems to have been prompted by the misplaced greed and envy of people who have very little understanding of business or industry.

    IR35 has had no beneficial effects but has diverted thousands of hours of creative talent which would have been much better applied to helping British industry.

    The fact that the UK Treasury has continually refused to reveal either the cost of enforcing IR35 or the amount of (any) extra tax raised can lead to only one conclusion.

    Until the government actually understands the workings of business and industry, it should be very cautious at introducing any regulations which so greatly distort business relationships.

    The flexibility of the UK economy has always been its great strength. Freelance workers have provided an important part of this flexibility. Regulations such as IR35 restrict this flexibility.

    We now see the continuing loss of UK jobs as they are transferred to more flexible overseas countries.