Opposition grows to 'Snoopers' Charter' amid data-mining fears

Opposition grows to 'Snoopers' Charter' amid data-mining fears

Summary: MPS, ISPs, security experts and civil liberties groups have voiced harsh criticism of a bill that would give agencies access to data on all web and postal communications

TOPICS: Security

Government plans to give police access to data on all UK citizens' web and postal communications have met with criticism from MPs, ISPs and civil liberties groups.

The Communications Data Bill, laid before parliament on Thursday, will see content service providers being forced to data including the time and duration of a communication, the number or email address of the originator and recipient, and the location of the device from which the communication was made.

Houses of Parliament

Opposition is growing to the Communications Data Bill. Image credit: Shutterstock

The Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA) said that it had concerns about how proportionate it would be to capture data on all web communications.

"ISPA has concerns about the new powers to require network operators to capture and retain third party communications data," the trade body said in a statement on Friday. "These concerns include the scope and proportionality, privacy and data protection implications and the technical feasibility."

Liberal MP Julian Huppert also has concerns that Bill effectively gives the Home Office carte blanche to order communications services providers (CSPs) to install equipment that can examine not only metadata, but also the content of web communications,  told ZDNet UK on Thursday.

"Essentially, [the bill] says that the secretary of state can, by order, do anything she wants to do. That's just far too broad," said Huppert. "Currently it could go as far as black boxes, DPI [deep packet inspection] on everything, everywhere. There is nothing on the face of the bill which constrains that."

According to the MP, the element of the bill known as Clause One, which says the secretary of state must ensure communications data can be obtained from telecommunications operators, does not have the appropriate privacy safeguards.

"The surrounding text suggests that the government wouldn't use the full powers if it was enabled, but that frankly isn't good enough, because that means a government could change its mind — the next government may be more authoritarian. I think it will strain what the government is allowed to do, and things that we consider to be acceptable."

Cambridge University security expert Richard Clayton also highlighted that the bill could be used to allow data-mining, saying it "appears to be the first law written from a sales brochure [on data-mining]", he told ZDNet on Friday.

Data-mining looks for patterns in huge datasets — for example, to build up an intelligence picture of an individual or group of people. The law will allow the authorities to go to organisations and request disparate IP addresses and timestamps for people who have accessed a certain webpage, for example, said Clayton. This data can then be compared with a list of all data-flows in the UK to narrow down suspect activity.

"It seems to me that to set up the mechanics for a police state, then to rely on convention not to run society in that way, is a poor way of proceeding," he said.

Clayton is not the only one with concerns about the ability of the bill to facilitate data-mining. "This is blanket retention of potentially all our communications on the internet," Liberty policy officer Rachel Robinson told a public meeting at the Houses of Parliament on Thursday. "Liberty is incredibly concerned about provision for the processing of data in the bill. This is something we didn't know we were getting, it looks like what we're going to have here is express provision for data-mining."

Topic: Security

Tom Espiner

About Tom Espiner

Tom is a technology reporter for ZDNet.com. He covers the security beat, writing about everything from hacking and cybercrime to threats and mitigation. He also focuses on open source and emerging technologies, all the while trying to cut through greenwash.

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  • Does no-one care about what is being introduced here? I for one am going to listen to Sir Tim Berners-Lee and take to the streets with banners in protest.
  • The data mining aspect is quite disconcerting to say the least.In the future,legislation could be introduced using this technique undermining the whole meaning of the word democracy.Liberty is right to be worried.George Orwell was right..Big Brother IS watching and has been for many years.No amount of lobbying will change the politicians minds on this subject,the potential aquisition of blanket data will be too tempting for them to ignore.