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In 2000, IBM made a commitment to Linux with the System/390 mainframe platform.
In 2002 IBM named president and COO, Sam Palmisano, to succeed Lou Gerstner as CEO. Palmisano began at IBM as a sales rep in 1973 and moved up from there.
With the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, IBM developed the Blue Gene supercomputer which was introduced in 2004. It was originally built to help biologists observe the invisible processes of protein folding and gene development - hence the name Gene.