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If Apple’s soaring profits on the iPods and iPad and the recent sell-outs of the new Apple TV are of any indication, much of the company’s future with these devices is going to rely on the sales and distribution of content and applications on the App Store and on iTunes.
As the company grows, it’s going to need to expand its content distribution infrastructure. That means in order to get things like huge, bandwidth-hungry HD movies downloaded to iTunes or even streamed directly to Apple TVs and iPads, it is going to have to get that content in close proximity to the ISPs that provide broadband service to consumers as well to the Tier 1 providers that provide backhaul services to wireless carriers that sell the iPhone and iPad 3G worldwide.
Apple has invested lots of money in new datacenters to house servers and storage that power its back-end infrastructure — its most recent infrastructure expansion project was building a huge, One-Billion dollar 500,000 square foot facility located in North Carolina in order to house the iCloud infrastructure.
Rumor has it that Apple is looking into possibly doubling its size.
However, having huge centralized datacenters isn’t enough. It won’t solve latency issues globally, Apple will need to spend a considerable amount of money connecting these datacenters to the ISPs with high-speed links and possibly even replicate some of that data globally so that the most popular or in-demand content doesn’t overload the centralized infrastructure.
Content Distribution Networks, or CDNs, can solve these problems. Apple could build its own global CDN, or it could purchase an existing CDN, such as Limelight Networks (LLNW) or even Akamai (AKAM). Limelight is currently capitalized at about $347M and Akamai, which is considered the leader in the space, is hovering around a whopping $5.64B.
Both of which should be considered a bargain since that's about half of what they were capitalized at two years ago.