Images: Birth of the first computer

Images: Birth of the first computer

Summary: J. Presper Eckert and John Mauch designed ENIAC to calculate the trajectory of artillery shells. Fortunately, we've found other uses for their invention.

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TOPICS: Patents
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  • Eckert-Mauchly Computer

    Mauchly and one of ENIAC's programmers. After a disagreement with the University of Pennsylvania over patents, Mauchly and Eckert left to form the Eckert-Mauchly Computer, which was bought a few years later by Sperry Rand and later became Unisys. Although Eckert stayed on, Mauchly left and was nearly broke when he died in 1980.

  • trajectory exam

    Frances Blias and Elizabeth Jennings with ENIAC. Women performed many of the mathematical calculations and developed the programming techniques. Although they didn't get credit at the time, their role has recently become better acknowledged.

    "The audience was absolutely astounded. ENIAC ran the trajectory faster than it took the bullet to trace it. People got, as a souvenir, a printout of the trajectory we ran," said Jean Bartik, one of the surviving programmers, about the first demonstration of ENIAC to the military and other scientists.

  • who deserved credit?

    Herman Goldstine, a mathematician from the U.S. Army, at right and Eckert. Although the two collaborated on ENIAC, many of the original participants argued later over who deserved credit. Goldstine was responsible for bringing John Von Neumann into the ENIAC project. Eckert later asserted that Von Neumann tried to take credit for ideas that emerged with Eckert and Mauchly.

Topic: Patents

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