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This would be the first processed candy entry on the list, and is a distinctly American invention. Traditional Jellybeans were originally made with refined sugar and were first produced during the Civil War. Like most other processed candy today they are made with a combination of sugars, corn syrup and starches, along with natural and artificial flavorings. The most well-known brand of jelly bean is the Jelly Belly which came to fame from being President Reagan's favorite candy and has dozens of varieties of flavors.
Invented during the Great Depression by the Home Economics department of the Kellogg company, the basic recipe is an amalgam of melted butter, margarine, marshmallows, and toasted rice cereal. Variations include ones with peanut butter and condensed milk as well as chocolate chips and other small candies added.
One of the oldest types of processed candies, Liquorice is traditionally flavored with the extract from the liquorice plant which has natural pharmaceutical properties as a mild laxative and an expectorant, and has other uses in herbal medicine. Most popular in the United Kingdom and in Nordic countries (where a salty variety, “Salmiakki” is a popular confection) it is a simple candy made with the flavoring, sugar and a binder, usually a starch as well as gelatin or gum arabic to give it that elastic quality. Liquorice is formed into a paste and extruded and dried. In the United States and other countries, other flavors such as Strawberry and Chocolate have been introduced.