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The Archive wants to create the world's largest library and uses a scanning system called Scribe. The San Francisco scanning room is one of many worldwide that contribute to the Archive - all which combine to scan over 1000 books a day (47 books an hour, or one book every 90 seconds).
The Internet Archive's goal is to make and preserve one copy of every published work it is able to attract or acquire - books, movies, records, everything.
The Archive's Scribe scanning system is available as a service, and is non-destrtuctive. The software that powers it is available on SourceForge. FYI, the Scribe software hasn't been updated in a while and was engineered specifically for the custom hardware IA uses in their scanning room.