Why we're all Facebook's lab rats

Why we're all Facebook's lab rats

Summary: Last week Facebook data scientists revealed a study in which they tested how "implicitly consenting" Facebook users respond psychologically to timeline posts. Steve Wilson dissects the privacy implications of Facebook's latest experiment.

TOPICS: Security, Privacy

By Steve Wilson

It's long been said that if you're getting something for free online, then you're not the customer, you're the product. It's a reference to the one-sided bargain for personal information that powers so many social businesses - the way that "infomopolies" as I call them exploit the knowledge they accumulate about us.

Now it's been revealed that we're even lower than product: we're lab rats.

Facebook data scientist Adam Kramer, with collaborators from UCSF and Cornell, this week reported on a study in which they tested how Facebook users respond psychologically to alternatively positive and negative posts.

Their experimental technique is at once ingenious and shocking. They took the real life posts of nearly 700,000 Facebook members, and manipulated them, turning them slightly up- or down-beat. And then Kramer at al measured the emotional tone in how people reading those posts reacted in their own feeds. See Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks, Adam Kramer, Jamie Guillory & Jeffrey Hancock, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v111.24, 17 June 2014.

The resulting scandal has been well-reported by many, including Kashmir Hill in Forbes, whose blog post nicely covers how the affair has unfolded, and includes a response by Adam Kramer himself.

Plenty has been written already about the dodgy (or non-existent) ethics approval, and the entirely contemptible claim that users gave "informed consent" to have their data "used" for research in this way. I want to draw attention here to Adam Kramer's unvarnished description of their motives. His response to the furor (provided by Hill in her blog) is, as she puts it, tone deaf. Kramer makes no attempt whatsover at a serious scientific justification for this experiment:

  • "The reason we did this research is because we care about the emotional impact of Facebook and the people that use our product ... [We] were concerned that exposure to friends' negativity might lead people to avoid visiting Facebook.

That is, this large scale psychological experiment was simply for product development.

Some apologists have, I hear, countered that social network feeds are manipulated all the time, notably by advertisers, to produce emotional responses.

Now that's interesting, because for their A-B experiment, Kramer and his colleagues took great pains to make sure the subjects were unaware of the manipulation. After all, the results would be meaningless if people knew what they were reading had been emotionally fiddled with.

In contrast, the ad industry has always insisted that today's digital consumers are super savvy, and they know the difference between advertising and real-life. Advertising is therefore styled as just a bit of harmless fun. But this line is, I think, further exposed by the Facebook Experiment as self-serving mythology, crafted by people who are increasingly expert at covertly manipulating perceptions, and who now have the data, collected dishonestly, to prove it.

Topics: Security, Privacy

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  • You do realize

    You do realize this whole Facebook bashing thing over basic marketing research that everyone does is viral marketing in itself? People have found negative viral marketing is very effective. It's pretty much all Sony seems to be doing lately.
    Buster Friendly
  • "Why we're all Facebook's lab rats"...not quite true kid

    Ahhh...Stevie Boy...I hate to be the one to break this to you...but there are MANY of us who could really give a Rat's Arse about Farcebook...and every other purveyor of this social networking crap as well...who have never...and will never...use it.

    • Yea

      Yea, you're just so superior and cool.
      Buster Friendly
      • Bit defensive aren't we?

        Why does someone not partaking in your chosen social media of choice bother you? I don't have a facebook account, won't ever, it doesn't make me better, just different.

        I don't like the fact that I have a 'shadow profile' but according to the UK info commissioner, there is nothing they can do because it's based in yankland.
        Little Old Man
    • Do you know anyone, family, friends, etc., that has a Facebook account?

      If so, Facebook very likely has a shadow profile for you.

      What I found particularly interesting about both the Facebook "laboratory rat" and "shadow profile" fiascoes is that Google did not issue a strong (or even a weak) condemnation in either case. Kinda makes one wonder ...
      Rabid Howler Monkey