SAP leads all 11 vertical segments covered in IDC study focusing on the $7.1 bln Western European enterprise resource planning (ERP) applications market. Manufacturing is approximately 40% of the total market with discrete manufacturing being almost twice as large as process manufacturing. Retail/wholesale is the third largest industry. Compared to the overall software spending by vertical, discrete and process manufacturing, transport, communications, utilities, retail/wholesale, and business services recorded relatively high levels of ERP spending, while financial services, government, education and healthcare, and other industries recorded relatively low levels of spending. SAP dominated the Western European ERP applications market with a 41% market share in 2004, up 2% compared to 2003. Oracle ranked second. While SAP was more than five times larger than Oracle during 2003, this was reduced to less then four times the size of Oracle in 2004 when measured by ERP application revenues, due to Oracle's acquisition of PeopleSoft. Sage ranked third, Microsoft Business Solution held fourth place, and SSA Global ranked fifth.