Top national advocate for the disabled sets terms for endorsement of OpenDocument Format

Meet Curtis Chong.  Chong is president of the National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science and is considered to be one of the more important shakers and movers in the disability community when it comes to the accessibilty of technology.


Meet Curtis Chong.  Chong is president of the National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science and is considered to be one of the more important shakers and movers in the disability community when it comes to the accessibilty of technology.  Among the community of people with blindness and serious visual impairments, he is probably one of the country's top three most influential advocates on the accessibility front.  For those looking to alter the technology landscape in a way that affects People With Disabilities (PWDs), Chong's opinion can make or break new initiatives like the one in Massachusetts where that state's Information Technology Division (MA ITD) is trying to establish the OpenDocument Format (ODF) as a standard format for creating and saving public documents. 

So far, Chong has opposed the Massachusetts plan. But, as you're about to find out, he's actually willing to endorse it and he's putting the ball in the pro-ODFers' court.

While pro-ODF vendors such as IBM, Sun, Novell, Adobe, Corel, Google, Apple, HP, Computer Associates, Red Hat, Nokia, and others remain hopeful that recent political machinations in Massachusetts won't derail MA ITD's ratification of ODF as an Executive Branch-wide standard, it's clear that they may have underestimated the extent to which PWDs may not only be a lynchpin to ODF's acceptance, but also to which those who oppose ODF (including Microsoft and certain politicians) would use the accessibility issue as a leverage point that could lead to the scuttling of the ODF policy. 

Microsoft Office is currently the productivity suite of choice for most of the state's employees.  But Microsoft's choice not to support ODF means that both it and its proprietary file formats will be off limits once the state's ODF policy goes into effect.  MA ITD's plan calls for implementation of the ODF standard to start on January 1, 2007.  But, ODF as a file format is barely six months old.  Even worse, of the applications that support it -- of which there are hardly any -- none are in the same league as Microsoft Office-based solutions  when it comes to accessibility for PWDs (thanks in large part to expensive third party accessibility add-ons like JAWS that are designed specifically to work with Office).   As the January 1, 2007 implementation date draws closer, the spotlight has shifted to state employees with disabilities who need a solution that's at least as accessible as Microsoft Office can be made to be (again, through third party products). 

Short of an ODF-compliant solution that meet or beat the accessibilty of Office-based solutions, ODF opponents including Curtis Chong have made hay out of the chances that disabled state employees could show up for work on 1/1/07 and be forced to work with inadequate software (or worse, forced out of work because they can't get their jobs done).  Microsoft could easily resolve the impasse by supporting ODF.  When it has served the company's best interests before (for example, when it wanted to make it easier for customers of Wordpefect and Lotus 123 to switch to Microsoft's Word and Excel), Microsoft was quick to support competing file formats. 

But, by supporting ODF, Office could lose customers to far less expensive productivity solutions (such as the open source-based or Web-based services.  With no incentive to promote that sort of switching anytime soon , the company is clearly aware of the leverage being afforded to it and its products by the accessibilty issue.  As long as Microsoft Office stands heads and tails above other solutions in terms of accessibility for PWDs, the accessibility issue virtually guarantees Microsoft continued domination of the state's desktops.  Particularly when PWD accessibility advocates like Curtis Chong are doing what they should be doing: simply standing up for the rights of their constituents.

Long term however, given the open standard nature of ODF and given the number of large vendors behind it, ODF-compliant solutions actually stand a good chance at being better for PWDs than do Microsoft Office-based solutions.  In a blog entry I wrote two weeks ago (see Is the OpenDocument Format strategically better for the disabled? Maybe.), I explored this possibility and actually found a contemporary of Chong's -- Bryon Charlson, director of the Accessibility Technology Program at the Carroll Center for the Blind in Newton, Massachusetts -- who, in stark contrast to the testimony (full transcript here) presented at a recent Massachusetts hearing on ODF (that took place on Halloween), saw the potential of the open file format to result in solutions that were better for PWDs than those based on Microsoft Office. 

As it turns out, Charlson acknowledged that the real beef of PWDs when it comes to ODF isn't ODF itself but rather the January 1, 2007 implementation date which, even according to the vendors that are racing to build solutions, is overly optimistic in terms of realistically having any highly PWD-accessible ODF-compliant offerings in the market -- a critically important detail that the hearing never flushed out and that those involved in the controversy routinely overlook.  Even so, according to a blog written by IBM vice president of standards and open source Bob Sutor, IBM plans to have make its ODF-compliant solution PWD-accessible as early as 2007.  Wrote Sutor:

IBM's Workplace productivity tools available through Workplace Managed Client including word processing, spreadsheet and presentation editors are currently planned to be fully accessible on a Windows platform by 2007. Additionally, these productivity tools are currently planned to be fully accessible on a Linux platform by 2008.

However, if history is any guide, plans and actual ship dates can differ and IBM's statement does not guarantee the availability of those products on time.  Accessibility experts also have told me that functional descriptions such as "fully accessible" can be subject to interpretation.  In other words, there's no guarantee that a vendor's interpretation of "fully accessible" will meet the standard for accessibility as defined by PWDs. In terms of the overall availability of fully accessible ODF-compliant solutions, IBM's Workplace is also a special breed of application.  Billed to me earlier this year by IBM as a "rich client" architecture, Workplace requires special server-side components and as such, is normally used as a department or company-wide solution.  While its availability will be a proof point for both ODF and accessible solutions, to the extent that it can't be implemented as a single destkop solution (in other words, as Microsoft Office substitute) that could interoperate via ODF with other less PWD-accessible solutions that non-PWDs might elect to us, it is unlikely that the timely availability of IBM's Managed Workplace Client alone will satisfy accessibility advocates such as Chong.

In an effort to offer some clarity to my assessment of ODF's strategic accessibility potential, Chong responded to my blog with a letter that detailed the reasons for his current opposition to Massachusetts' plans for the largely untested file format.  Given his prominence in the PWD community, I took the letter very seriously.  But, as evidence of how political wrangling, vendor maneuvering, and misinformed media coverage have obfuscated the important issues for key PWD advocates like Chong, his letter proved that, for whatever reasons, his position on ODF was not taking some of the most critical facts into consideration.  For example, as you can see in the second paragraph of his letter (reproduced with his approval), Chong characterizes ODF as an open source initiative when, in reality, by the time January 1, 2007 rolls around, the majority of ODF-compliant solutions (eg: IBM's Workplace Managed Client)  will probably be commercial in nature (rather than open source).  Wrote Chong:

As you might imagine, the Open Source advocates are keenly interested in having me and the National Federation of the blind in Computer Science adopt a position strongly supporting ODF and Open Source.  There are those who argue that Open Source will break the Microsoft monopoly, eliminate the need to pay high prices for software, and provide people with disabilities with even greater accessibility than we have today.  I submit that this view is overly simplistic.

Later in his letter, Chong goes on to summarize:

The information I have would lead me to believe that access technologies for the Open Source environment are in their infancy, and when they are compared feature for feature with what we have in Windows, they will come up short.  When one compares the training resources and information available for access technologies in Windows against that available for Open source, this, too, demonstrates that the Open Source community still has a long way to go.

However, Chong's letter also acknowledges that the accessibilty of Office-based solutions is largely due to the "heroic" efforts of third party software developers whose software routinely breaks everytime Microsoft upgrades its software because of the way that software relies on interfaces to Office and Windows, many of which are not well-documented or not documented at all.  Wrote Chong:

....such access as we have relies heavily upon the unsung and heroic efforts of a handful of small companies whose software must often steal and scrape such information as they can from an operating system and application programs that are designed only incidentally to provide the information they need.  The access we currently have to applications running in the Windows environment is the culmination of literally decades of software development, user experience, and software evolution

In order for the Screen access technology used in Windows to be able to do its job, it must rely upon a variety of informational channels to get what it needs.  Some information comes from well-documented and supported interfaces provided by application and/or operating system software, some information comes from a direct examination of document object models (if you will, the format of the data), and yet more information comes through undocumented but vital video hooks that screen access software developers have been compelled to use out of necessity......Moreover, whenever Microsoft decides to come out with a new version of Office or Windows, screen access technology developers and the blind community must race to keep up. If they do not, such access as we have enjoyed could evaporate literally overnight. Yet, despite these imperfections, the access that we do enjoy in Windows is unmatched on any other platform in use today.

Then, in the letter, Chong says something that none of those who testified on behalf of PWDs at the Halloween Hearing bothered to say -- something that would have been critical for the state senator (Marc R. Pacheco) who presided over the hearing to say:

The National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science would give its enthusiastic support to the OpenDocument format once we are satisfied that our concerns with respect to nonvisual access have been addressed.

Not only does this correspond with what the Carroll Center for the Blind's Charlson told me, but it may also be the first time that someone who, on a national level represents those with blindness or severe visual impairments, has acknowledged the PWD community's openness to ODF in writing.  But what Chong's letter indicated no knowlege of is that the same criteria officially applies to Massachusetts'  January 1, 2007 planned implementation date.  In other words, if, on that date, the available ODF-compliant solutions prove to be sorely lacking in terms of their accessibility, MA ITD would actually postpone the implementation until those solutions are proven to address the accessibility requirements of PWDs.  This was confirmed to me in the momemts just prior to the start of the Halloween Hearing by MA ITD CIO Peter Quinn and general counsel Linda Hamel. 

So, just to sumarize the crossed wires:  MA ITD says it won't force the state's disabled workers to switch away from Microsoft Office on January 1, 2007 if the ODF-compliant alternatives don't offer the sort of accessibility that those workers need at that time.  Two leading advocates for PWD accessibility -- advocates with the influence to sway a massive amount of opinion -- have acknowleged the promise of ODF and have said that they would give ODF their support once ODF-compliant solutions proved to be demonstrably acceptable.  Yet, at the Halloween Hearing in Massachusetts, two of the three people who spoke on behalf of PWDs (Bay State Council of Blind president Jerry Barrier and  Boston Disability Policy Consortium treasurer John Linsky) failed to acknowledge ODF's potential. In fact, not only didn't they acknowlege ODF's potential the way Charlson and Chong have, they also failed to emphasize (Conveniently? Let's hope not) the serious shortcoming in Office-based solutions that have been the bain of technology and information accessibility for PWDs: the fact that programs like JAWS have to be rewritten every time Microsoft upgrades its software.  Barrier and Linsky also intermingled open source and the OpenDocument format as though the viability of accessible open source solutions was a central issue when it was not.

The infamous line from the movie Cool Hand Luke comes to mind: What we have here is a failure to communicate.  Whereas the inadequate accessibility in ODF-compliant software would officially trigger an postponement of the ODF policy's 1/1/2007 implementation date, influential advocates of PWD accessibility are adopting positions and testifying to powerful politicians as though no such trigger exists and those  politicians have thusly turned the issue into a political football.

So, I wrote back to Chong.  I took his issues one at a time because, as someone who has been reporting on the situation, I need to stick to some baseline of understanding when interviewing all involved parties and his letter deviated from that baseline.  In an effort to re-establish that baseline and to see if that changed his understanding of the issues, his position or both, my letter can be broken down in to four sections.

The first of these dealt with his intermingling of open source and ODF.  It sounded remarkably similar to the testimony offered by Barrier and Linsky during the Halloween hearing where, to anyone who didn't know any better, it sounded as though PWDs would be solely dependent on open source developers to make sure that ODF-compliant solutions met certain accessibility standards. This was not my understanding and deviates from the baseline of assumptions in my reporting to date.  In my reply to Chong, I wrote:

Open source advocates would no doubt favor any technology that stands a chance of undermining Microsoft. However, other than the fact that happens to be an open source application that supports the open document format and the fact that other open source programs such as the recently revealed WikiCalc from spreadsheet inventor Dan Bricklin can choose to support the open document format as well, the open document format has nothing to do with open source.  Nothing. Developers of proprietary software are just as free to support the OpenDocument Format as are developers of open source software as well as developers of a new breed of software known as software as a service or SaaS. is simply one application that supports the OpenDocument Format. Sun's StarOffice which is a non-open source superset of Openoffice will support it as well.  So too will Corel's Wordperfect (not open source), IBM Lotus Workplace (not open source) and the Writely Web-based word processor (not open source).  So, for the community of those with disabilities to be heard on this issue, it must dispense with the casual intermingling of the term open source with OpenDocument. It unnecessarily distracts those who are paying attention from the core issues.  Even Microsoft has suggested that it's Office XML Reference Schema file format is compatible with open source yet the two never get mixed up there.  So, why use the term open source to cloud the issue when all we are talking about is another file format that's equally supportable by applications and services of any type?

The second section of my letter explored Chong's explanation of how its the third party provided accessibility solutions that make Microsoft's Office accessible, how those solutions depend on documented and undocumented interfaces in Office and Windows, how those solutions break when Microsoft goes through an upgrade cycle. In this part of my reply, I openly wonder why these points weren't made during the hearing (they certainly would have been relevant) and whether or not that status quo is really worth protecting when there's a new technology like ODF that could fundamentally improve the forward and backward compatibilty of "accessible solutions."  Here's what I said:

The second point I'd like to make is that your statements are very very different from the ones presented by three representatives of the disabled community during the Oct 31 hearing.  A few of your points would have been very relevant and I'm certain that those who spoke at the hearing were aware of them.  For example, the point you making about the precarious balance that exists between the specialized accessibility software and Microsoft Office was never mentioned. Nor was the fact that every time Microsoft upgrades it's software, the accessibility software must be completely re-engineered to keep up. I'm sure that each time the cat catches its tail, only to have the tail eventually slip away, that it's the work of a few heroic people that catch the tail again. But isn't there a point at which the tail catchers realize that this is a futile effort that stands in the way of true innovation in accessibility?  I've been a technology journalist for 15 years now.  In that time, it didn't matter who the vendor was: if a vendor came out with a product that wasn't backwards compatible with the ones before it, they were hammered out of the market.  The fact that Microsoft keeps breaking backward compatibility and forcing heroic developers to creatively exploit both documented and undocumented interfaces suggests to me that the company hasn't looked at continuity in accessibility as a problem that it's responsible for solving.

I don't mean to suggest that the OpenDocument format solves your problems. But it's clear to me that at least half the battle you're currently experiencing has to do with the fact that one company gets to decide what it will and won't do for the disability community. And so far, that company's track record, dating back to the IE4 and Windows 95 debacles, doesn't have a very good track record. At least with OpenDocument format, you have an opportunity to insert yourself into a multi-party stewarded process that stands a chance at breaking that chain.  Just look at what has happened to date. Microsoft is actually using its hardly fought for advantage in accessibility as a leverage point to maintain the status quo in Massachusetts.  What has it done to say it's going to answer the clarion call from those with disabilities?

First, the statement about Microsoft's use of its advantage in accessibility as a leverage point to keep ODF at bay in Massachusetts is an opinion, but a widely held one at that. In looking for reasons why Microsoft can't or won't support ODF, only Microsoft has suggested that such support is either impractical or implausible for the company with nearly $5 billion in the bank and that has supported so many third party formats before. The reference to IE4 and Windows 95 refers back to the only time in history that I know of where a potential customer boycott (in that case, several states that were led by Massachusetts) forced Microsoft to capitulate by reintroducing certain product features that the new versions of its software dropped.  They were accessibility features (I describe that boycott in more detail here).  And, according to Chong's and Charlson's own assessments, Microsoft has historically played and still plays a minimal role in the accessibility that PWDs currently have.  For example, for more than a decade, despite incremental improvements in the native accessibility to Office and Windows, real accessibility has and still ultimately requires very expensive third party products. According to Charlson for example, the average cost for the top selling configuration of JAWS costs $1200.  In other words, accessibility to Office costs more than three times as much as Staples' $330 retail price of Office Standard edition itself. 

It's additional costs like that that unfortunately make businesses loathe to hire PWDs (even the best estimates cite only a 30 percent employment rate amongst PWDs). Given Microsoft's resources, it's clear that the company could have done more in its market dominant Office and Windows to improve the accessibility and lives of PWDs.  But, instead, it allowed excessive cost and breakage of third party products from one version of its software to next -- conditions that the broader market of technology buyers would never tolerate -- to persist for years.  I wouldn't for a minute question the state of the state as it has been described by Charlson, Chong (and those who testified at the Halloween Hearing) that currently, the best there is in terms of accessibility is an Office-anchored solution.  That's clearly the reality of the situation.

But what I was having difficulty with, particularly in testimony but also in Chong's letter, was how a status quo in terms of accessibility that's nothing to write home about was being so staunchly defended without frank commentary about how so much more needs to be done and that if Microsoft wasn't willing to do it, that maybe those behind ODF might.  After all, with IBM, Sun, Novell, HP, Corel, and Adobe behind ODF and with accessibility now being one of the lynchpins to it acceptance (not just in Massachusetts, but everywhere), surely there's an opportunity for PWDs to to take advantage of their newfound popularity.  The next passage in my reply to Chong sizes up that opportunity and asks point blank if that's an opportunity he's interested in seizing:

Meanwhile, with the backing of IBM, Novell, Sun, Corel, Nokia, Oracle, Adobe, Computer Associates and Red Hat, the OASIS consortium will be establishing a technical committee that's solely decidicated to the accessibility of OpenDocument Formats.  When was the last time you had a group of company's like that fighting for your approval? And where is Microsoft?  The company that, according to the the people I've spoken with from your community, could with one decision make OpenDocument formatted documents just as accessible as its own.  One decision. Does the disability community really want to exchange its soul the way it did on Oct 31 for that sort of behavior? Or, would you rather sieze the opportunity to break the vicious cat and tail chain by demanding a central role in the new technical committee?  It's your choice Curtis. The opportunity for the breakthrough and the respect you've been waiting for is finally within your reach. On Oct 31, that opportunity got kicked in the teeth and look what happened.  The opportunity came back evenstronger. What are you going to do about it?

Here, I'm just calling it like I see it.  As I said before, something didn't sit right with me about how the testimony didn't address what the PWD community really needs in terms of accessibility, let alone whether or not ODF finally represented an opportunity to address those needs.  Granted, the senator presiding over the hearing didn't ask.  But, those who testified weren't restricted to answering the senator's questions.  There was ample opportunity for free form testimony.  Yet these details never came up.  Some have suggested that the PWD community's position is so one-sided that it had to have been "bought."  To test that theory, I had to challenge Chong with an opportunity that was too good to pass up.  But to be extra sure, I made sure there was no question in Chong's mind that this was indeed a major opportunity for him and the PWDs he represents.  I wrote:

In your letter, you said "The National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science would give its enthusiastic support to the OpenDocument Format once we are satisfied that our concerns with respect to nonvisual access have been addressed." Why was this not mentioned at all on Oct 31? Why instead was Windows and Office pitched as the end all and be all of accessibility that OpenDocument solutions could never achieve?  Why did no one mention that the community would be willing to switch once the solutions you seek were proven to meet or exceed your expectations?

I have been told by Massachusetts CIO Peter Quinn and general counsel Linda Hamel that unless these same conditions are met, that the January 1, 2007 implementation date would be postponed until the point at which those concerns are addressed. I looked them in the eye. They are equally concerned that the date is an unrealistic one.  Now, I'm not going to belittle the history here. 

From what I can tell, it does sound as though the disability community was largely ignored during this process. Shame on them. I mean that. But now Curtis, you hold the cards and you've got the attention of the most powerful companies in the industry. You finally have the audience you need to actually change the world.  You have fought hard and endured so much to get to this point. Once again Curtis, what will you do with this opportunity? Will you sieze it in a way that can ultimately improve the quality of life for millions of people who are deprived of the access to technology and information they deserve?  Or are you going carry that chip on your shoulder for having been ingored and fight for the status quo that, as far as I can tell, is hardly worth fighting for. Particularly if you're not being asked to give it up until the new breed
of solutions demonstrably meets your standards. Let bygones be bygones Curtis.  This moment comes along once in a lifetime, if that.  You are in a position to name the terms.  You stand nothing to lose by doing it.

In the last section of my letter, I clarify my position.  From my point of view, Chong is another of ZDNet's readers; the type of reader that I've always stood up for when it comes questionable vendor behavior; the type of reader to whom I have routinely and strongly recommended the adoption of open standards in lieu of proprietary technologies.  Not only do I explain my motives, but I volunteer to put him and the pro-ODF vendors into the same room where I, as a journalist covering the issue, can really see if these vendors are as committed to accessibility as they say they are.  After all, if I'm willing to test Chong's resolve, then I should be equally willing to test the promise of some of ODF's strongest proponents.  If either party walks away from the table, then a hidden agenda is found and all is not as it seems.  If not, then the breakthrough is newsworthy.  Here's how I concluded:

Finally, to be honest, I could care less about the fortunes of the big players here... IBM, Sun, Red Hat, or whoever. I have villified all of them at one time or another and would be happy to do it again every time they do something that's not in the best interests of my readers.  I have long extolled the virtues of standards and how they put technology buyers in control.  I have strongly advised our readers to stay away from proprietary technologies including proprietary extensions to open standards and crucified vendors every time they try to lock ZDNet's readers in.  It's the reason I've won one of the few President's Awards for Journalism from the American National Standards Institute.  The minute you end up married to a proprietary technology, you end up stuck. Look at the very reason you cannot easily switch to another solution right now.  It's the marriage of your specialized solutions to the proprietary technology.

So, you must understand where I'm coming from. I think Microsoft makes a fine solution. I'm using it right now as I write this email. So, in ODF, I see just such an opportunity for buyers to take control of a part of their technology that one company has had complete control of.  It controls the security of your technology. The stability of it.  The cost of it. And for you especially, the accessibility of it. To the extent that I've always stood up for readers first, you now have my attention and I will stand up for you too. If you want me to bear witness to your attempts to insert yourself into the process -- in other words sit side by side with you as you convey your concerns, your requirements, and your terms to guys like IBM's Bob Sutor or Sun's Jonathan Schwartz, I can be there. I can even make the meetings happen.  And if anybody is being unreasonable, I will call it like I see it.  They know that.  They fear that.  I answer to one constituency and one constituency only. My readers.

You call the shots. You come up with the requirements and the road map (some of it is already in your email to me). You tell them what you need. Even a budget if you need that to make it someone's full time job to monitor the progress.  You have my ear.  If they screw up, back out, or tell you to go to hell, then the pen is my sword.  They can live by it.  They can die by it.  Like I said before, what have you got to lose? The worst that can happen is that the status quo stays. That's no different than what you have today. The best that can happen is you move a mountain that was once immovable. Carpe Diem Curtis. Sieze the day. 

Next came Chong's amazing reply and it's perfectly clear that he has no agenda.  As far as I can tell, he is truly a champion of the PWDs he represents and this could be a newsworthy moment for both sides.  Here's how he answered:


Let me say at the outset that every point you have made is valid.  I am not prepared to articulate a full response right now, but suffice it to say that I agree with what you have said and take seriously your call for us to participate in the effort to make the OpenDocument format accessible.  Our access to information should not be riding on as tenuous a thread as it is today.

I apologize for intermixing the two terms OpenDocument and Open Source.  I should not have done that.  In this instance, I will confine my discussion to ODF.

The NFB in Computer Science is ready to take the next step, and if Massachusetts' recognition of the unrealistic nature of the January 1 date can be made "official," I would be pleased.

Yours sincerely,

Curtis Chong, President
National Federation of the Blind in Computer Science

So now -- to you MA ITD CIO Peter Quinn and to you IBM's Bob Sutor and Sun's Jonathan Schwartz (both of whom have blogged about this issue) and the rest of you vendors that are behind ODF and to you OASIS OpenDocument Technical committee -- the ball is officially in your court.  Mr. Chong may not represent the entire community of PWDs, but his influence is so great that a meeting of the minds could be a breakthrough.

To Mr. Quinn:you must officially explain why and how the January 1, 2007 ODF implementation date is actually flexible in such a way that state employees with disabilities will never be asked to do their jobs with inadequate tools.  This of course requires an umistakable way of recognizing inadequacy as well as minimally acceptable adequacy when it comes to accessibility. 

Mr. Sutor and Mr. Schwartz: the burden is now on your companies to work with Mr. Chong and Mr. Charlson (who told me via phone he'd be happy to participate in the process as well) to clearly, and in no uncertain terms, define what the minimal acceptable level of accessibility is in order for a productivity suite to meet the requirements of PWDs. I know that you vendors recently discussed the issue in Armonk, but that discussion didn't include the most important people.  I'd also strongly recommend inviting the World Wide Web Consoritum's director of Web accessibility Judy Brewer and Massachusetts Office on Disability director Myra Berloff to participate.  In her testimony during the Halloween Hearing, Berloff stated that her office had started working with MA ITD to"work on specific or to identify specific accessibility needs for people with disabilities."

To keep the test realistic, it should also factor in the degree to which the Office-anchored solutions are accessible is today. After all, that's what is currently being held up as the gold standard. Plus, it should try fill in any major shortcomings of that existing state of the art (such as the way forward compatibility breaks each time the underlying software is modified).  Beyond that, additional criteria should serve as a roadmap for ODF's continued evolution. 

This "test" -- more like a document or a checklist -- should be developed at the vendors' cost.  Not Chong's or Charleson's.  I know that Sun's chief accessibility architect Peter Korn has already articulated some of the criteria in a recent blog of his.  That's a good start.  But again, the discussion needs to include the people it concerns most.  The stakes are obviously very high and the vendors stand a lot gain from the support of PWD advocates like these two men.  If you're that serious about accessibility, putting this sort of skin in the game will be chicken feed to you.

Back to Mr. Quinn, to make sure there's no ambiguity about what sort of accessibility will trigger the implementation of the ODF policy, then you should agree to use that test as the trigger point for implementation of your ODF policy.  If on January 1, 2007, the shipping ODF-complaint solutions don't pass the test, then the date must be moved to a more realistic date.  As a part of your official statement, I think you need to include something in your official statement that acknowledges that accessibility will be determined by a mutually established test developed with input from you, PWD advocates not limited to Chong and Charlson, and the vendors.  

Finally, by now, you're probably saying "Hey David, as a reporter, why don't you just take this proposal to the other parties and report on the outcome of those interviews?"  That's a reasonable question.  I think the blogosphere creates a unique opportunity.  Those interviews could get bogged down in a back and forth discussion that could take months.  And sure, guys like Sutor and Schwartz can respond to me directly and I can report on that.  But they have blogs and they can respond there as well.  Why not take advantage of the efficiency of the blogosphere while making the process as transparent as possible? There's no need for me to own this news or beat other journalists to the punch.  My job is to speak for ZDNet's readers as I've done here.  I don't speak for the vendors. By publicly putting the pressure on them,  my job is done.  Now comes the opportunity for vendors to speak for themselves and for the world to see.  Are they for real on their promise of accessibility or not?  What I've proposed here is not unreasonable.  Whatever they say, that's news.  And that is also my job as a journalist.  To flush out the news.  News that belongs to everybody. Especially those with disabilities.