Tor Project has announced measures to improve secure web browsing for mobile devices.
The Tor Project, a non-profit which develops and maintains the Tor network for anonymized browsing and as a way to skirt censorship-heavy government controls, keeps its eyes on the state of censorship worldwide.
Recently, areas with citizens forced to use low bandwidth connections and limited data plans have come under scrutiny.
China, North Korea, Iran, India, and Myanmar are only a handful of many countries worldwide which keep tabs on what citizens visit, see, and say online. The US and UK have entered this list now, too, but many residents in these countries have access to high-end mobile devices or traditional PCs.
But what happens to those that have no desktop system or laptop, and must rely on low-end mobile devices to access the internet?
"Most people in these regions only use smartphones to access the internet, and we want to better support these users," the organization says. "So we developed a strategy to do better for folks who have low-bandwidth connections, limited data plans, or who can only connect to the internet through low-end devices."
Roughly a year ago, the non-profit and the Guardian Project, a developer of tools and hardware designed to circumvent censorship, began talks of how to tackle this problem. The teams began with the concept of Orfox, a Google Summer of Code (GSoC) project for Tor network mobile browsing.
According to the Tor Project, Orfox is well on the way to having "similar functionality and security guarantees" as the Tor Browser for desktop software.
Videos which automatically load and play, for example, rely on scripts which a threat actor may be able to use to identify a visitor.
The UX Team and the Guardian Project reviewed the system and ran validation tests at the beta stage, and together with Orfox developer Amogh, tested the UI with 12 users in India and three in the United States for feedback.
"This was the first time Tor did a full development cycle following UX best practices, such as being involved with the conceptualization of the UI and performing user testing to validate our hypothesis," the team says. "Since we don't collect data on user behavior, we had to build a testing methodology so our community could help us perform these tests with our users. We are now applying UX best practices to all of our development cycles."
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