More than 200 controllers and schedulers and 230 planning and support staff are employed at the centre to control mining operations in the Pilbara region.
In a statement, Rio Tinto said the "high-technology, purpose-built" operations centre is now the primary control centre for the company's network of mines, rail systems, infrastructure facilities and port operations in the Pilbara — up to 1500km away from the centre's home in Perth.
Rio Tinto said the centre would have ramifications far beyond the resources sector, with the technology and innovation being developed and applied able to support and improve service delivery across the community.
Rio Tinto's Iron and Ore Australia chief executive Sam Walsh said the centre was part of Rio's push to build upon the company's technology advantage it had over its competitors.
"Since then we have faced an astonishing array of challenges, including the global financial crisis, but we did not waver in our commitment," he said. "This Operations Centre is fundamental to our vision of the Pilbara as a single, integrated 'one mine' logistics system."
Walsh said this centre was the first of its kind in the world on this scale.
"Our driverless trucks, remotely operated drill and blasting, automated train systems and remote train-loading functions are just the start of a revolution that is transforming the way we extract value from our resources, and will result in a far better, safer industry than could have been imagined even a decade ago," Walsh said at the launch.