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The best tech inventions of all time 7: Amazing medical innovations

In this series we take a look at everything, large and small, that has changed the way we do things and enhanced our lives in some way. In part seven we take a look at medical innovations that have helped the health of mankind.
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By Eileen Brown on
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The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
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Brain surgery

A portion of the skull is removed to give the surgeon access to the brain tissue. Electrodes can be used to stimulate areas of the brain during the operation. Sometimes the patient remains conscious throughout the procedure.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
3 of 12 Sanjasy

Caesarean section

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
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Birth control pill

The contraceptive pill contains oestrogen and progesterone hormones. As the pill decoupled sex and procreation, women could control their fertility and make long term education and career plans.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
5 of 12 TPSDave

Vaccines

Vaccines are made from weakened or dead forms of the microbe and are used to protect against exposure to the live microbe by recognising and destroying the micro-organism. Vaccines have eradicated smallpox across the world.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
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Radiotherapy

This treatment uses ionising radiation to kill malignant cancer cells if they are localised in one part of the body. Radiotherapy is also used to prevent tumour recurrence after surgery.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
8 of 12 Skeeze

Open heart surgery

Heart surgery works better when the heart is stopped and drained of blood. The heart is temporarily stopped and the blood flow is routed through a heart bypass whilst the corrective procedure is carried out.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
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Organ transplants

Kidneys, corneas, hearts, liver, lungs, hand, and even whole face transplants have been carried out by surgeons. Although recipients will need to take anti-rejection drugs, their quality of life, and life expectancy will increase after the operation.

The best Tech inventions of all time 7 Amazing medical innovations ZDNet
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Bioengineered body parts

It is now possible to grow human soft tissue in petri dishes. Scientists have already grown an ear on a human arm, and on the back of a mouse. Other soft tissue parts, such as tracheas, have already been transplanted into humans to prolong life.

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