Even as the United States Senate's "Gang of 8" immigration bill seeks to dramatically tighten its employment-based immigration policy by discouraging and in some cases prohibiting the use of H-1B visas, there is a study that says this could be a serious mistake that would shift more work and resources outside the United States and harm the competitiveness of U.S.
WHAT ARE H-1B VISAS?
H-1B visas are temporary visas that allow foreign nationals to work in the United States on short-term projects, for longer-term work or as a prelude to a green card (permanent residence). H-1B status is generally good for up to 6 years (with a renewal after three years).
A reason H-1Bs visas are economically important is that without such visas skilled foreign nationals generally could not work or remain in the United States.
While Indian IT firms operating in the U.S. have long maintained the H-1B visas do not lead to
The study by Stuart Anderson, executive director of the NFAP, was put up the NFAP Web site on May 1. Here are a few excerpts:
"…U.S. workers or the U.S. economy, H-1B visa holders contributed 'between 10 and 25 percent of the aggregate productivity growth… that took place in the United States from 1990 to 2010,' according to economists Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih and Chad Sparber."
"[Then-research economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta] Madeline Zavodny found each added 100 approved H-1B workers were associated with an additional 183 jobs among U.S. natives."
The study attacks the basic premise of the H-1B outsourcing argument that the foreign workers are cheaper. The bill would artificially inflate the minimum required wage paid to H-1B visa holders under the belief that H-1B professionals are generally paid below that of comparable U.S. workers.
The study said: "In fact, the law already requires employers to pay H-1B professionals at least as much as comparable U.S. workers. Moreover, the Government Accountability Office found the median salary for H-1B visa holders age 20-39 was US$80,000 compared to US$75,000 for U.S. workers in electrical/electronics engineering, and US$60,000 for H-1B professionals age 20-29 in systems analysis/programming vs. US$58,000 for U.S. workers."