A newly pushed scareware called File Fix Professional 2009 (FileFix Pro 2009), has the potential to influence the way in which spreaders of rogue security software optimize their revenue in the future - by encrypting critical business files and requiring a $50 purchase of the fake software for the decryption.
This piece of hybrid ransomware greatly reminds of June, 2008's GPCode targeted campaigns, where the malware author's tactic was undermined by their inability to securely wipe out the deleted files, allowing their recovery without having to pay the authors.
Thankfully, FileFix Pro 2009's encryption is anything but unbreakable, with several vendors already releasing free decryption tools. FileFix Pro 2009 attempts to encrypt files with the following extensions upon executing it:
- doc, xls, ppt, pdf, jpg, jpeg, png, mp3, wma, mdb, pst, docx, docm, dotx, dotm, xlsx, xlsm, xltx, xltm, xlsb, xlam, pptx, pptm, potx, potm, ppam, ppsx, ppsm
A logical question remains - why did they introduce the ransomware motive within a business model that's proven to be highly successful, earning cybercriminals thousands of dollars daily? The economy slowdown affecting their revenues, or plain simple profit optimization strategy? I'd go for the second, and in particular a rather logical move given all the media attention rogue security software started receiving.
From an emphasis on visual social engineering, and traffic acquisition tactics, the affiliate networks set the standards on the basis of which the participants in the network operate. If this tactic goes mainstream, the affiliate network that first implements this on a large scale will be capable of stealing market share from competing networks due to the improved payout rates thanks to the ransomware motive. So far, that doesn't seem to be the case.
- Go through related rogue security software posts: Rogue security software spoofs ZDNet Reviews; Sony PlayStation’s site SQL injected, redirecting to rogue security software; Fake Antivirus XP pops-up at Cleveland.com; Google sponsored links spreading (scareware) rogue AV