Should companies drive their traffic to Facebook?

Should companies drive their traffic to Facebook?

Summary: Social networks like Facebook seemingly have a vast, ready-made audience for businesses to do just about whatever they need. Or are they just honey traps that make it easy for businesses to set up shop and lose control over their relationships and data? I explore the issues and strategies for making the most of external social networks.


In short, it's unwise for businesses to use Facebook naively when organizations can easily create their communities of their own and control the data. Last week, Constellation Research founder Ray Wang was quoted making an important -- and rather provocative -- statement about the default stance of external social business. It's one that goes to the very heart of how we should best organize our businesses to engage with the social world. Specifically he said:

It’s ... dumb to keep driving traffic into Facebook. You should drive traffic to your sites and your communities by pulling from Facebook into what you’re doing. That way you have control of the data and make sure that you’re not just selling stuff back to Facebook, which you’re going to buy again.

While most companies are not in fact dumb, just digitally inexperienced, there's a vast wealth of strategy inherent in these few simple words. First and foremost, the challenge that many companies have with moving to social is that they regard it much like they did digital when they first encountered it: As a tool to use in the same way as existing non-digital methods. So mass mailing became mass e-mailing, brochures became company Web sites, and ads on billboards, magazines, and TV became online ads, and so on ad infinitum. Most companies are at the same place with social today.

Much has been made over the years about the two way medium of the Web and how it inherently transforms the relationships companies have with their customers. That's because it creates sustained contact and engagement with the marketplace that can be used in many valuable ways. From the first inklings in the Cluetrain Manifesto over a decade ago to the now global revolution of the social Web today, large companies have generally received this signal very poorly, and when they do, it's been the proverbial paving of the cowpath, meaning they move to the new channels and then just continue to do what they did before, the old way.

Leveraging External Ecosystems In Social Business

So if companies must now be social in order to reach their customers and the marketplace, shouldn't they be on Facebook, the world's largest social ecosystem? Ray doesn't necessarily believe so, and neither do I, at least not primarily. Though the best case for engaging externally on social networks is probably on Facebook, most companies must go well beyond this to get to strategic value. The issue -- and the key to getting something valuable done -- is defining exactly when companies should engage with Facebook (or other social networks), and how. To answer this requires understanding the ground rules of network-oriented business.

Related: The power laws of social business

Understanding the strategic social landscape

Even though the Internet industry lived through revolution in detail, most companies haven't yet absorbed the principles of Web 2.0, which laid out the strategic playbook for how to assert and establish ownership of your corner of the network (or really, all corners.) One of the core principles was -- and is more relevant than ever today -- that control of data is what ultimately separates the winners and losers. Specifically, the concept says that the winners on a network will be the ones that can successfully create and maintain control over strategic sets of data over the long haul.

Thus, your strategy should be connecting meaningfully to all relevant constituents of your business (workers, suppliers, and customers), engaging in long-term digital and social value exchange over the network, capturing all the data that this activity creates, and mine it strategically for value, perhaps even letting others have limited access to it, for a price. Creating strategic data sets is relatively easy in the social world today, since most activity within it is visible. This can be captured, measured, and analyzed, allowing just about any trend about anything to be discerned and tracked. Having this data be yours -- and not having to share it with the platform you're using -- is a key to competitive advantage.

So, let's get back to being on Facebook. Giving them a front row seat, and even outright ownership of your customer's data (at least when it comes to interacting with you), is almost certainly a setup for trouble long-term. Creating Facebook pages or social experiences for your customers on any external social network means giving up control of the relationships you create in them, along with all the data they represent to companies that you have little control over. As Ray pointed out, you'll just end up paying them for the privilege of accessing your own data, and worse, they'll be able to monetize it however they like, eliminating much of the competitive advantage you could have by doing that yourself (and being the only one that could, with your data.)

Related: CRM reaches the heart of small business

But not every company can afford to create their own community or mine it for data. And this is exactly whey social networks like Facebook and Twitter can be so important: They are vast social ecosystems which can be intelligently and cost-effectively harnessed for their audiences that can then be diverted to a company's own communities for useful purposes. In other words, used smartly, they can do most of the work for us, but by taking a few simple precautions, companies can keep most of the benefit.

How to own your social destiny

In fact, the strategies for using social networks in a way that retains control and maximizes value for businesses are fairly straightforward, you just have to know the rules. More importantly, much of what most companies do in terms of their operations will be done this way in the near future. It's far better not to move your core operations to external social networks. The strategies to ensure success here are:

  1. Leverage Jakob's Law. Coined by Jakob Niesen, it's one of the most important rules of social business that exists currently: You must design your products and services to reflect the fact that people spend most of their time on other people's sites. Take advantage of this by creating digital bulwarks (presence) on all social networks relevant to your business. In other words, at first, go to where the customer is today.
  2. Create your own strategic communities. While you might in fact want to leave your Twitter followers and Facebook fans on Facebook, the smart move is to divert them to your own communities whenever possible. You can use the power and size of external communities to fuel the growth of your own. When possible, make social activity focused on specific business objectives (mutual support, product design, beta testing, pre-sales, etc.)
  3. Design graceful on-ramps that connect external social networks to your own communities. Anything truly useful should be done in your ecosystem, so make it easy to move from your social network presence to your own communities by making it clear where to best engage with you to get things done.
  4. Instrument your communities and then listen, analyze, and engage. Have a backstop that captures all the activity in your communities, store it, and use it strategically. Building capability in social business intelligence is key here, as is opening up the data to others to make use of in creative and powerful ways.

In short, it's unwise for businesses to use Facebook naively when organizations can easily create their communities of their own and control the data. However, Facebook makes it so easy to engage with customers that most businesses start there and never leave. It's easy for companies to check-in, but they generally won't check-out, however organizations prepared to organize strategically can achieve much better outcomes.

To succeed externally with social business, companies must become competent at harnessing social ecosystems wherever they find them, making them onramps to their own communities, and asserting control over the relationships and data that comes from them. They can then make wise use of them to drive their business objectives, avoid disruption, and provide the best protection for their customers.

Topic: Social Enterprise

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  • not necessarily

    i think business's are between a rock and a hard place. if they have additional revenue to spend, then channeling some of it towards facebook is an added benefit - for everyone.
  • No, because Facebook is drivel

    No, because Facebook is a load of drivel, combined with corporate business practice of 'selling your granny' for a quick buck.

    Ultimately one hopes business/product/service reputation will eventually return to normal service.
  • Try This Business Oriented Alternative

    I've been using LinkedIn, It's not a social network for the everyday; it's geared towards business and careers.
    • LinkedIn becoming pushy

      LinkedIn is becoming pushy these days, and advising you of any old tosser who a business contact of your's links too. It's heading towards the bin.
  • Why do they bother?

    No one visits corporate Facebook sites unless directed there by an advertisment or sweepstakes entry. If I'm looking for a car or babyfood or a lawnmower I ain't going to facebook to find them. The corporations are wasting huge sums of money keeping these sites going.

    I don't remember the last time a Google or Bing search brought the GM Facebook location.
    • Whilst marketing $$$????????????????????? is available

      When did marketing departments make any sense. As long as there is still money about, there will still be bull5h1t.

      Marketing = Snakeoil.

      Once they move on to the next big thing, Facebook will join MySpace in the toilet.
    • Mindshare

      It's the same as household names who still buy tv ads. They want to make sure you don't forget about them. They want to be able to think of them when it comes time to purchase even if you don't look on fb or wait for a tv ad to pop up. So having all these channels to spam crap at you helps them keep fresh in your head, whether you want them there or not.
  • I wish they wouldn't.

    I have no problem with Facebook in general as it is a useful tool to keep in touch with friends and acquaintances, but I am not able to bring myself to "fan" or "like" a commercial page since the only apparent reason for doing so now is to receive some perceived benefit as in a discount or entry to a contest. I don't really know what a business derives from having a million or so fans and I would be much more likely to visit their corporate site if the premium they offer was available there and not only through Facebook.
    • Planet Money Podcast

      Listen to the Planet Money Podcast on a Pizza business's first go at a Facebook campaign - it's a laugh a minute. Companies selling Facebook likes, LOL. 22nd May.
    • Data

      I believe liking their page gives them access to your profile and data, or at least it used to. I think most people don't understand that 'like's dont' mean anything, they don't actually count as customer interaction. It's like bragging that a million people walked past your store. How many walked in?
  • No.

    EVERY time I see a corporate link that requires me to go to Facebook - I'm on the go someplace else. I DON'T have a Facebook account and I don't WANT a Facebook account. Given Facebook's poor track record for user privacy and frequent, immediate changes in its infrastructure, I don't see this service as ready for prime time.
    Jim Johnson
  • It depends on your product

    The entertainment companies are doing great PR on Facebook. For instance, AMC generates extra buzz for each new episode of its shows by getting people to log on and comment during the show. They also get those people to visit the AMC website via offers, links, promos on Facebook. You may not care about buying toothpaste via Facebook, but once you realize what kind of audience you have there, you can market your product (maybe) towards those people and then drag them over to "your place."

    BTW, I see lots of searches that include links to Facebook or Google+ pages. It all depends on the search topic.
    big red one
    • Entertainment Companies "...doing great PR on Facebook..."

      This is the ONE reason that I even read information related to Facebook. I am co-owner/president of an entertainment-related (film) company and I'm still out with the jury on the value of Facebook for our marketing strategy. Meanwhile, I continue to leave my personal Facebook account in limbo. Dead. Inactive. And stopped subscribing to any blog or online newspaper that requires one to use Facebook to "comment." We'll see how far this goes after my business partner and I get deeper into the distribution plan for our film/s.
  • Tough Food for Thought

    This article is so dense with good information that I'm printing it off to go over it. (My 'learning style' requires a format on which I can make notations.) Thanks for a stunning article. I'll try to set aside my intense dislike of Facebook as I read this and be as objective as possible.

    Ido not and will not belong to facebook. I do not and will not patronize any company that tries to force me to facebook by any means.
  • Driving people to Facebook is stupid

    Any marketer who deliberately pushes traffic to Facebook, LinkedIn, or any other social network instead of to their own site should be fired on the spot. The same was true for pushing traffic to Twitter, Myspace, Friendster, Geocities, Livejournal, USENET, or any other online community. The rules for effective online marketing have been around for over a decade and they didn't get tossed out the window as we've gone through our waves of online social (communities, personalized web pages, blogs, social networks).

    This is all the more reason why employers have started to ask for 5+ years experience in social. Johnny-come-latelys don't understand the fundamentals and end up wasting time and money.
    Hyoun Park
  • Companies do what they do for profit

    If Facebook helps, that is what they will do.

    With luck, people will wise up and stop using Facebook as well...