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Fedora Gnome 3 Desktop
Fedora is generally considered to be the "Flagship" (or perhaps "Posterchild"?) Gnome 3 distribution, or looking at it from the other direction, Gnome 3 is considered to be the "Standard" desktop for the Fedora distribution.
When you go to the Get Fedora page, you find that the image simply called "Fedora Desktop" is Gnome 3, while the rest of the image names include additional details to differentiate them from that.
The Fedora Gnome 3 release is probably the most complete of all the spins, in terms of the packages included. Here are a few of the highlights:
- Gnome 3.10.1
- Firefox 25.0
- Evolution (email/calendar) 3.10
- LibreOffice 184.108.40.206
- Rhythmbox (Audio Player) 3.0
- Totem (Video player) 3.10.1
- Shotwell (Photo Management) 0.15.0
- Cheese (Webcam) 3.10.2
- Document Viewer (PDF and others) 3.10.3
- Software 3.10.4 (Software Management)
- Nautilus 3.10.1 (file manager)
You might notice that a lot of those packages have version 3.10.x, this is because the Gnome desktop comes with a variety of utilities and applications which are specifically designed and tailored for it, and their version numbers track the Gnome versions pretty closely.
Gnome 3 still generates quite a bit of discussion and debate in the Linux community. Personally, it is not one of my favourite desktops, but I can live with it, and work with it, and because I too consider it to be the "standard" for Fedora, this is the version that I install most frequently.
Fedora 20 (Heisenbug) KDE Desktop
The content of the Fedora KDE spin shows the difference in philosophy from the "fully equipped" Fedora Gnome 3 distribution. Here is a brief list of the packages included:
- KDE SC 4.11.3
- Konqueror 4.11.3
- Kmail 4.11.3
- Calligra Words / Sheet / Stage 2.7.4
- Amarok 2.8.0 (Audio player)
- Dragon Player 2.0 (Video player)
- Gwenview 4.11.3
- Okular 0.17.3 (PDF viewer)
- Apper 0.8.1 (software management)
- Dolphin 4.11.3 (file manager)
That list might surprise a lot of people, but the idea here seems to be pretty simple. This is the KDE spin — if you want KDE, you get KDE, and that is a "Software Collection" so you get the applications and utilities which go with it. Konqueror, rather than Firefox. Calligra rather than LibreOffice. Kmail rather than Thunderbird or Evolution. If you prefer those other versions, they are all available in the Software Management utility (Apper), you can get them installed in no time at all.
Fedora 20 (Heisenbug) KDE Netbook Desktop
This is the KDE Netbook desktop on Fedora 20. As I have said so many times before, I just love this desktop on my netbook systems.
Everything is laid out very simply, choices are clear and easy, favourites are right there at the top, the search bar is obvious, and there is a graphic (icon) two-level hierarchical menu. When you use the search function, whatever matches is shown graphically in the menu area.
New windows automatically start full-screen, and window controls are contained in the top panel, so the window gets the most screen area possible. The top panel also includes an "active window" selector, or you can un-maximise windows and work with several on the screen at once. There is also a second page (Page One) which contains live feeds for News/Weather/Chat and such. It's just plain good.
I don't want to take too much of a dig at Ubuntu, but when I compare this to Unity, with its seemingly endless column of baffling icons down the side of the screen, and the window controls only sometimes included in the top panel, and even then only sometimes visible, and even then on the "wrong" (left) side of the panel/window... well, I just don't get it.
The actual content of this version is identical to the previously described standard KDE desktop — this is not a different spin or different installation, it is only a different selection in the KDE System Settings / Workspace Behavior.