India's Aakash-2: iPad Guts In A Miraculous US$21 Android Tablet

India's Aakash-2: iPad Guts In A Miraculous US$21 Android Tablet

Summary: The world's cheapest computer is back on track, says the New York Times, which praises version 2 of the Aakash tablet for its solid technology.


Inexpensive homegrown tablets - think between US$60 and $200 - abound in India, where the per-capita income, despite the fast-rising economy, remains US$3,700 per year. But the uncrowned king of inexpensive, Indian-made tablets is the Aakash tablet.

I say uncrowned because the student-designed, government-subsidized Aakash has yet to hit the market. And for awhile this year, the $35 tablet looked like it never would.

Besides poor reviews of version one of the Aakash tablet, there have been fingerpointing and legal suits flying between the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), whose students and professors designed the tablet, the Indian manufacturer, and the Canadian firm DataWind overseeing the manufacturer.

aakash tablet

The Aakash-2 sports the same ARM chipset as the iPhone 4 and the first iPad. Not bad - just watch out for the 3-hour battery life.


But in an article last week, New York Times correspondent Pamposh Raina reports that the Aakash not only appears to be back on track, but is now targeted to be even less expensive and with better hardware than before.

How cheap? For Indian college students, the price of the Aakash-2 has fallen 40% to about $21 (1,132 rupees). A commercial version called the "UbiSlate" will cost between 3,499 and 4,299 rupees, or between $65 and $80.

And what will students get for $21? A 7-inch Android tablet/phone which, despite the latest upgrades, is honestly about 12-18 months behind what you'll see on the shelves of Best Buy. That's a relatively long time in the mobile game. But hey, at this price, who can complain?

Internally, the Aakash uses a single-core ARM Cortex-A8 running at 800 MHz, an video co-processor to provide HD video, and 256 MB of RAM. Though out of date in the dual/quad-core era, let's not forget that the Cortex-A8 with 256 MB RAM is what powers the original iPad (though at a slightly-faster 1 GHz).

Other popular devices using the Cortex-A8 include the iPhone 4, Barnes & Noble's Nook Color, Lenovo's IdeaPad A1, the Archos 5, and the Palm Pre (the latter four all via TI's OMAP chipset).

The original Aakash only came with a 7-inch resistive touchscreen. Though cheaper, these require pressure from users' fingers or styluses, and are rarely used in modern tablets.

The Aakash-2 now also comes in a glossy capacitive touchscreen version with a 800x480 resolution. According to Raina, navigation on the capacitive screen "was simple and fast, needing only a light touch," while video was "decent quality" with "very little pixelization."

One of the more impressive things about the Aakash-2 are its communication options. They include Wi-Fi a/b/g, a GPRS modem for which subscriptions will only cost 98 rupees per month, or less than US$2, and the ability to add a SIM card for voice phone access.

The Inevitable Tradeoffs

You'll need the data options to get on the Web or cloud, because the Aakash-2's internal storage (2 or 4 GB) is meager, though users can add up to 32 GB via an unspecified memory card slot.

The casing is a generic rubberized black plastic. And the operating system is out of date - Android 2.3 Gingerbread. Though it should be noted that Gingerbread still runs on 60% of Android tablets in use today. And the makers are upfront that the Aakash's battery life is only 3 hours.



One Tablet Per Backpack.

Credit: Shutterstock

Unlike the One Laptop Per Child Project, the Aakash does not feature any sunlight-readable displays, or any other cutting-edge, MIT-developed technology. It is simply a bare-bones Android tablet delivered at a miraculous price. I plan to bug my Indian colleagues to buy one for me the next time they go back home.

Like the OLPC, which has fallen short of its initial goals and only delivered 2.4 million laptops to school children worldwide in the last 7 years, the Aakash project has had its share of problems. Hopefully, it's moved past them - permanently.

Over the next six months, about 100,000 tablets are scheduled to be delivered to IIT, which plans to install a number of engineering and other educational Android apps.

In a country where more than 600 million people are under the age of 25, the Aakash tablet's makers have the opportunity to bridge the digital divide for hundreds of millions of students. And perhaps even jumpstart an Indian mobile hardware industry.

Topics: ÜberTech, Android, iPad, Tablets, India, ARM

Eric Lai

About Eric Lai

I have tracked technology for more than 15 years, as an award-winning journalist and now as in-house thought leader on the mobile enterprise for SAP. Follow me here at ÜberMobile as well as my even less-filtered musings on Twitter @ericylai

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  • iPad guts

    Maybe that's what accounts for the three hour battery life.
    2 and 4 GB Memory?
    Which iPad did they get that out of?
    Maybe they'll change their minds before production and put chicken guts to make it even cheaper.
    • I don't understand why you believe that if the tablet has

      the ipad guts, that it's the reason it only gets 3 hrs of battery life. My original, 1st gen ipad still gets 9-10 hours of life out of the battery.....

      And to ArtInvent's comment below, you're correct. My old (4yrs) Sony vaio laptop, which I purchased on the 22nd of December in 2011, barely got 2 hrs of battery life. But at the time, we had just lost our house and pretty much every thing we owned to a house fire, on the 12th of December, 2011.

      The laptop was on sale at BestBuy, and unfortunately we needed to have a computer with internet access for dealing with the ins company, fire marshall's office, etc., etc..

      God what a nightmare that was.....
  • $21

    I repeat: $21.

    $21. Twenty-one dollars. A twenty and a one note. 4 Abe's and a Georgie. 2 rolls of quarters and 4 more.

    It's essentially pocket change. I actually spent more than that on lunch today.

    As for 3 hour battery life, I would say that's about what mainstream laptops used to get until fairly recently (and some still do.) Oh, and, did I mention the $21 thing?
  • Oh please....

    stop these non-sense.Recently I found zdnet is flushing with articles regarding the third world countries like india, please include articles which interset everbody and which invokes participation. this articles is another peice of crap, for heaven don't even use the word "ipad" in the article which dicuss about a crap device.
    • 3rd World Country

      This 3rd world country is only one of the 5 that sent a monitoring probe around the moon. Beat that. It's no crap.
  • Akash / Ubislate 7 back on track???

    "............the Aakash not only appears to be back on track, but is .........."
    That :but: runs into infinity.
    You might do well to try to find out if the company exists outside virtual world or just a hoax, if any deliveries have been recently made; or just reports based on other reports and press-kits are being pyramided....
    Fencer Trail
  • Both the BBC and NYTimes talked to Aakash execs in recent weeks

    The NY Times article is referenced above. Here's the Beeb:
    • again company execs not customers.....

      ...company execs, developers, production team.... - no end users who paid for and were delivered the product, upgraded version or not.....
      Ah well.....
      Fencer Trail
  • Laptop Repair Data

    Excellent Review
  • Wrong Specifications Mentioned

    Just want to make a correction in the review: The Aakash-2 has doesn't run on a 800 MHz processor, doesn't have 256 MB of RAM and doesn't run on Gingerbread. It has a 1 GHz processor, 512 MB of RAM and runs on Android 4.0 - ICS.
    Asad Ullah Khan