Linux 3.11: Linux for Workgroups

Linux 3.11: Linux for Workgroups

Summary: The latest Linux kernel is coming with new features and a tongue-in-cheek nickname and logo.


Almost twenty-years ago in August 1993, Microsoft released its second networked version of Windows: Windows for Workgroups 3.11. It wasn't a success. Success for Microsoft in a network-enabled operating system would come in the same year with Windows NT. On Sunday, July 14 2013, with a wink, Linus Torvalds released the first version of the newest Linux kernel, 3.11: Linux for Workgroups.

Say hi to Linux 3.11: Linux for Workgroups

Now, with a new logo sporting Tux, the Linux penguin, holding a flag that's remindful of the old Windows 3.1 logo, Linux 3.11 is ready for testers. This is far from the first time that Torvalds has given early builds of the Linux kernel whimsical nicknames. Earlier ones have included "Unicycling Gorilla, "Holy Dancing Manatees, Batman," and "Jeff Thinks I Should Change This, But To What?"

On a more serious note, Torvalds announced a variety of small changes in 3.11.

Most of these come from AMD and amount to better support for the Radeon graphics card family. This will include a new Direct Rendering Manager (DRM) driver.

Intel was also represented with improvements for the Haswell processor line. It also includes better support for Intel's Valley View Atom processor and Bay Trail, its Atom system-on-a-chip design.

In addition, Xen and KVM virtualization will work on 64-bit ARM architectures with 3.11. The kernel will also include a Lustre-distributed file system client. Lustre tends to be used in cluster-computing.

Finally, zswap is a lightweight compressed memory cache for swap pages. Its purpose is to improve performance when a Linux system is in danger of running out of memory.

Last, but not least, Torvalds has not given any hints about any future version of Linux being entitled "Linux XP."

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Topics: Linux, Hardware, Intel, Virtualization, ARM

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  • Nicknames

    So Microsoft uses city names in development but not officially for selling (I remember Windows 95 was called Chicago), Apple uses felines, becoming more ferocious and more endangered with each release (was the first Mac OS called Kitty?), and Linux uses whatever crazy name they want to. I like the Windows reference, but is this Linux really the first version to operate in a LAN, as WFW was? Anyway, I wish them better luck than MS had, so they don't have to replace it with a bug-fix version right away.

    Now when is Android going to come out with Kreplach? For that matter, when will MY older phone move up to Ice Cream Sandwich?
    • First on the LAN

      It's about as much the "first version to operate in a LAN" as WFW 3.11 was! Windows had been in use on LANs long before WFW 3.11 arrived on the scene - that version just had a (very basic) set of network drivers bundled, rather than being separate options. It didn't even have TCP/IP support! (That came later, as a separate download from Microsoft or bundled with Windows NT Server install disks so WFW machines could talk to the server over TCP/IP.)

      I did like the old nickname, "Windows for Warehouses". Just as apt for Vista, I suppose, and since I'm already on betas of Windows 8.1 the "replace it with a bug-fix version right away" seems to have recent applications too!

      I do wish Android handsets were better at keeping current - one mistake Google made, IMO. With Windows, give or take the odd driver issue you *don't* need to get help from Dell/HP/other to upgrade your PC to newer versions of Windows: just get it direct from Microsoft or their retailers, and install. If only Google had insisted on the same (any necessary drivers getting integrated into their source tree, not vice versa), Android would be a much nicer platform for users and developers.
      • The Linux for Workgroups name...

        ... is more about the identical version number than any actual feature comparison between the two OSes.
        • re: The Linux for Workgroups name...

          A whole lot more. Like 100% vs. 0%. :)
          rocket ride
        • In 2013 Linux is dominating IT even more stronger

          Operation systems of new devices of Q1 2013:

          1) Android Linux 52-53%
          2) Operation systems of Apple 18-19%
          3) Microsoft Windows 17-18%
          4) Other operation systems including other Linux distributions 11-12%

          Microsoft dictatorship is now just a bad memory of old times...

          source: IDC, Gartner and Digitimes
          • and as the markets continue to fragment

            the numbers will continue to mean less and less.

            Android dominates in phones and tablets. Apple makes more than all Android vendors combined.

            MS still dominates corporate environs, largely because MS knows how to manage large numbers of machines.

            Pick your numbers carefully, they can haunt you.
          • Numbers??

            What do you mean by "makes more"? Samsung Electronics is larger than Apple and they actually make stuff - and they make lots of stuff FOR Apple.

            As for M$, they may still rule the corporate desktop but a LOT of people have moved to Macbooks - at a Cisco conf back in May, NONE of the exhibitors had Windows PCs.
          • love it.

            Since Android became the top mobile OS. Everyone now considers Android and IOS the same as a Windows/OSX/Linux platform, just so the numbers show Microsoft with a small market share.

            Tired of it.
      • Anyone remember Novell?

        Windows was running as a client on Novell LANs long before WFW 3.11 arrived on the scene. So was MS-DOS.

        You used to be able to boot a diskless workstation on a Novell LAN and use network based applications including office applications.
        • LMAO

          You fools out there do under stand that web site you just went to is running on a linux web server correct? I think that was Linus telling Bill we have kicked your ass now say good bye. When you did that google search Red hat linux servered up the results. I would bet when you post on this page, Linux is under the hood here also. Red hat or Debian.
          • Since I searched on Bing

            it is more likely the servers are Windows Servers. Windows Servers are everywhere in the enterprise space. Sure, a lot of web servers, routers, etc. are Linux, but not all of them and I believe the latest stats are slightly more in favor of Windows.
          • Bing might run on Windows

            But Akamei runs on Linux -- and that's how those search results actually get delivered to your web-browser.
          • Actually...

            Bing runs on linux.
        • IBM had a system in schools

          to boot windows 3.1 remotely, but I think he ment a system where windows actually did the networking.
        • I do

          NOVELL was very good,but that was not a microsoft network ,windows NT was, oddly it ran better on IPX the NOVELL protocal, than the Microsoft one. Super easy to secure severs back then just run an un routable protocal like IPX and done
    • I know!

      My Moto brick won't run it either.
    • A little bit of history:

      Apple didn't start using cat names until OS X.
      Richard Estes
      • In the old (Classic) Mac OS days ...

        ... they used musicians, like Copland and Gershwin as codenames for the ill-fated replacement of System 7. Those two lead Apple's board to buy Jobs' NeXT to get its NeXTStep OS, which eventually became Mac OS X.

        But Apple's codenames have been all over the map (Here's a pretty decent list:, including "SixPack" for System Software 6 way back in the late-1980s and Star Trek for a PC-version of System 7 in the early '90s.
  • Windows NT 4.0 was the first widely successful NT-based OS

    My first Windows PC, purchased in 1996, ran Windows NT 3.51 which I quickly upgraded to 4.0 and ran well into 2004. Yes, I missed the whole Windows 95/98/Me branch. I upgraded to Windows XP in late 2004 (through the purchase of a new PC) and didn't start up with Linux until 2005.

    P.S. Back closer to topic, I would have preferred the name "Schrödinger's cat has more than 9 lives".
    Rabid Howler Monkey
    • very arcane

      Since Schrödinger's cat is alive and dead, how can you tell how many lives it has?