Six steps to hosting heaven for web designers

Six steps to hosting heaven for web designers

Summary: A blow-by-blow account of how to set up web hosting for fairly non-technical folk

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TOPICS: Servers
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Like many web designers, I host my own websites. After recently breaking everything and having to do a complete reinstall of the web server, I thought I'd share my point-by-point pain/experience to help lighten the load for fellow folk who aren't au fait with the murky world of web-server administration.

Take heart, there are only six steps to easy hosting heaven.
YMMV, terms & conditions apply

1. Register your domain names

Choose a domain registrar that you can trust and who offers good support. As a rule, I always keep my domain registration and my web hosting separate, so that if need be, I can easily up sticks and move web hosts.

There are millions of domain registrars. Personally, I use Domain Monster and have done for years. They may have an ugly orange furball as a mascot but their customer support is excellent.

Domain Monster orange furball
Domain registrars Domain Monster, complete with orange furball

Then you'll need to change the name servers to that of your web host, so that you're pointing the domain name at your web host's web servers.

Name Servers
Change Name Servers to point the name at the host

Any changes to DNS can take up to 24 hours, although I normally find it works within the hour.

2. Host your websites

The difficult part. For a while I was searching for a hosting company that doesn't also host porn. I tried GreenGeeks but had some real communication problems while upgrading. Now, I have settled for Memset, a UK company that has won the PC Pro Awards Best Web Host quite a lot.

If you have low-volume websites and no special requirements, then shared hosting would be the way to go. As I was using WordPress Multisite, I had to go the Virtual Private Server route.

Memset Miniserver VPS offerings
Memset hosting's Miniserver VPS offerings

Unless you are an experienced sysadmin, you will need to choose a control panel for managing your websites. The American megacorp hosting company Dreamhost has its own custom-built control panel, which is pretty good. For the rest of us, the industry standard seems to be cPanel.

To get an idea of cost, Memset's VPS VM2000 with cPanel costs about £300 ($465) per year.

3. Use Gmail and configure DNS

Back in the day, I used to manage everyone's email. Now, I just set them up with the free version of Google Apps, which includes Gmail. Much easier to manage, and I recommend setting up IMAP, so that your clients' email is synced wherever they are.

Google Apps a-go-go
Google Apps a-go-go

Configure DNS records

If you are using Google Apps and Gmail, then you'll have to set up the Domain Name Server records, so that email is routed correctly through to Google's mail servers. This is a case of adding these MX records via your webhost's DNS control panel. Here's my version:

My DNS settings
My very own DNS settings

And then, the important bit: you'll have to add your domain to the DNS. Elsewhere, I'd done this using WHM but Memset have their own DNS management system, which looks a little bit like this:

Add domain to DNS
Adding the domain to the DNS

4. Setup WHM accounts

If you are using cPanel, then more than likely that you'll be using WHM, the WebHost Manager side of cPanel. You can sell accounts with full cPanel access to your clients, or you can manage every client yourself, which is what I do.

If you're managing every client yourself, it's still necessary to create a cPanel account. I would recommend creating at least a couple, one for business and one for all your charity cases.

Create a package

As I'm only using WHM accounts to keep my business and charity domains separate, I give myself God Powers to make me one with everything:

Add WHM Package
Add a God Powers One With Everything package in WHM

Add accounts

I have registered .co.uk domains to handle the cPanel accounts, as they're cheap. In the following example, I have used growbusy.co.uk for the business account and growpersonal.co.uk for the charity account.

Create WHM accounts
Add WHM accounts, one for business, one for charidy

5. Access cPanel account

To access my business cPanel account, I use https://growbusy.co.uk:2083. The https bit is important, otherwise the URL will forward to your hosting account URL, and you'll only be able to log in to one account at a time.

Create a MySQL database user

Time was when most websites were made out of plain old HTML, maybe with a couple of photos thrown in for good measure. But nowadays, clients are asking for WordPress, Drupal or Concrete5, and all manner of other new-fangled database-driven Content Management Systems.

So you need to add MySQL user, yet again with full God Powers, which you do via Databases > MySQL®databases

And now, you are all set for the fun bit: adding a client's website.

6. Add a client’s website

    1. Change Name Servers: remember to log in to your domain registrar and change to your webhost's Name Servers, as outlined above.
    2. Add subdomain: From the cPanel homepage, select Domains > Addon Domains, and enter your client's domain name, a suitably snappy username and instantly forgettable, high-security password. Like thus:

      Addon Domains
      Adding an Addon Domain

      Your username becomes your SFTP username, in this case perennialkitchen@growbusy.co.uk. You can check the login details for your FTP accounts under Files > FTP Accounts.
    3. Create database: Nice and easy, simply go Databases > MySQL®databases > Create New Database All databases have the prefix acctname_, so if creating a database for WordPress, I'll add wp and clientname, ending up with acctname_wp_client for the full database name. You can access your databases by using the web-based tool PHPMyAdmin, which you access via Databases > PHPMyAdmin.
    4. Add user to database: Add the God Powered User that you created earlier to the database, by Databases > MySQL®databases > Add User To Database.
    5. Access files with SFTP: If you're new to the world of Content Management Systems, I'd recommend giving WordPress a spin, as it's a doddle to set up.

And that's all there is to it. Happy hosting.

@growdigital

Topic: Servers

Jake Rayson

About Jake Rayson

A web designer since the 20th century, I am a pragmatic advocate of Free Software and I use proprietary software when appropriate. I made the full-time switch to Linux back in 2007, and my desktop tools of choice are Linux Mint, Inkscape, GIMP and Sublime Text.

As a Front End Developer, my core skills are HTML5, CSS3 and jQuery, and my working life reflects my commitment to open standards and accessible websites (ie accessible by everyone, regardless of browser, platform, ability or technology).

For web publishing platforms, I use WordPress for ease of use and Drupal for more complex solutions.

I am also learning about Ruby, Rails, Sinatra and CoffeeScript. I like the minimalist Ruby Way. To this end, my personal portfolio website is built with NestaCMS.

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