Cookies are small pieces of code used mainly by commercial Web sites to track users. They are downloaded to browsers and used to recognise and authenticate users when they return to a Web site so they don't have to log in every time.
Ad technology companies typically place cookies on individuals' computers when an advertisement is delivered, giving them the ability to track consumer behaviour online and gauge the effectiveness of an ad campaign or target marketing to consumer preferences. Web sites also use the markers to hold passwords and personal information for custom services such as Web-based email.
But consumer advocates have long criticised the tags for their technical vulnerabilities and potential privacy problems in the event of a computer breach. The mere fact that cookies can hold years of data about consumer travels on the Web is enough to raise the ire of privacy advocates. It was such concerns that led to the amendment to the draft directive on electronic data collection and privacy being tabled.
The run-up to the vote had triggered concern in Europe's Internet advertising community, with the Interactive Advertising Bureau warning that British companies could lose £187m if the directive was ratified.
The IAB said it now plans to lobby national governments in advance of the reading of the amendment by the council of ministers, which is expected in December. "We will carry on lobbying," said an IAB spokesman. "We hope experts in national governments may have better understanding of the role of cookies in supporting business."
He said life without cookies would be incredibly irritating for users. "You can already switch off cookies in your browser, but if you go to Amazon.com and set up your preferences but don't have cookies, you'll have to recreate your preferences every time you visit the site."
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