Rights group Privacy International (PI) is once again drawing attention to popular apps like Yelp and Duolingo sending data to Facebook as soon as they are launched and before users can consent to it.
The group in December called out 21 popular Android apps for sending data to Facebook as soon as the user opens an app, among them Spotify, Skyscanner, Kayak, Yelp, and Duolingo. It also highlighted that two Muslim prayer apps, Qibla Connect and Muslim Pro, displayed the same behavior.
It found the apps automatically send so-called 'events data', such as the fact the app is installed, to Facebook's servers before users can give their consent, which PI argues is required under Europe's GDPR.
The common thread between the apps is they use the Facebook mobile software developer kit (SDK), a popular mobile analytics platform that provides data about how people are using a mobile app so that developers can target ads. 'App Events' is one feature of the Facebook iOS and Android SDK.
In an update today, Privacy International said two-thirds of the 21 reviewed apps no longer contact Facebook when the user opens the app. These include Spotify, Skyscanner and Kayak.
However, it also found some of the apps still displayed the same behavior, including Yelp, Duolingo, the Indeed job search app, the King James Bible app, as well as Qibla Connect and Muslim Pro. It notes that Duolingo has said it would remove the Facebook SDK App Events component from its iOS and Android apps in upcoming releases.
SEE: IT pro's guide to GDPR compliance (free PDF)
The group's concerns are different to those raised in a Wall Street Journal article in February about the Facebook SDK, which highlighted that 11 apps were sending sensitive events data to Facebook, including information about heartbeat rates, blood pressure, menstrual cycles, and pregnancy status.
At the time, former Facebook product manager Antonio García Martínez defended the company, pointing out that the Facebook SDK is merely the mobile-app equivalent of Google Analytics and that the events data is not stored in a usable form.
He also argued that developers, rather than Facebook, are responsible for what gets sent to its servers via the SDK.
Privacy International on the other hand is focusing on the issue of consent and the way these apps send data to Facebook before users can give it. The data transmitted to Facebook's servers include 'App installed' and 'SDK Initialized'.
"This data reveals the fact that a user is using a specific app, every single time that user opens an app," it noted in December.
SEE: Cybersecurity in an IoT and mobile world (ZDNet special report) | Download the report as a PDF (TechRepublic)
It's also concerned about what can be told about a person through their use of multiple apps and that apps send data to Facebook with a unique advertising identifier.
"If combined, data from different apps can paint a fine-grained and intimate picture of people's activities, interests, behaviors, and routines, some of which can reveal special-category data, including information about people's health or religion," it explained.
In today's post, Privacy International also highlight a problem for competition, pointing to Facebook's use of the Onavo app to collect intelligence about rivals.
"This is hugely problematic, not just for privacy, but also for competition. The data that apps send to Facebook typically includes information such as the fact that a specific app, such as a Muslim prayer app, was opened or closed. This sounds fairly basic, but it really isn't," the group wrote.
"Since the data is sent with a unique identifier, a user's Google advertising ID, it would be easy to link this data into a profile and paint a fine-grained picture of someone's interests, identities, and daily routines. And since so many apps still send this kind of data to Facebook, this could give the company an extraordinary insight into a large share of the app ecosystem."
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