Investments in the IT industry fell to their lowest level since 1998, a 39 per cent drop compared with the year ago period. Overall, US venture capital investments fell 30 per cent, compared with the year ago period, to their lowest level since 2005 reports Dow Jones Venture Source.
Healthcare also fared badly, dropping 42 per cent from a year ago.
The bright spot was energy investments which more than doubled from the 2007 Q4.2008 Q4 saw $5.5 billion in 554 deals - down 30% from 2007 Q4 Total 2008 was $28.8 billion in 2,550 deals - down 8% from 2007 Here are the sector details:
The U.S. Information Technology (IT) industry posted its weakest quarter since 1998 with just $2.2 billion invested in 266 deals in the fourth quarter of 2008, down 39% from the $3.6 billion invested in 355 deals over in the same quarter of 2007. In total, the IT industry saw overall investment drop 15% to $11.6 billion invested in 1,237 deals from $13.6 billion invested in 1,430 deals in 2007.
Within IT, the last quarter of 2008 was the worst quarter for software-specific investment since the first quarter of 1997. Software investment fell 54% to $690 million in just 114 deals in the fourth quarter of 2008 from more than $1.5 billion put into 159 deals during the same time in 2007. Overall, software investment reached its lowest point in 10 years with $4.7 billion put into 566 deals in 2008. In contrast, the Web-centric information services sector attracted record annual investment in 2008 with $2.7 billion put into 357 deals, up 17% from $2.3 billion in 337 deals in 2007, but saw its investment figures decline quarter-to-quarter after hitting a record high of $821 million in the first quarter of the year.
According to VentureSource, the U.S. health care industry saw venture investment slip to its lowest point in three years in the last quarter of 2008 with more than $1.5 billion invested in 137 deals, down 42% from the $2.6 billion the industry garnered in 190 deals in the fourth quarter of 2007. For the year, health-care venture investment fell 22% to $8.2 billion put into 623 deals in 2008 from the record $10.5 billion invested in 709 deals in 2007.
Most notably, the biopharmaceuticals sector saw annual investment slip to its lowest point since 2003 with $4.2 billion put into 289 deals, 29% below the record $5.9 billion put into 351 similar deals in 2007. The fourth quarter of 2008 saw just $707 million put into 68 deals, down 53% from the $1.5 billion invested in 97 deals during the same time in 2007.
Energy Investment Hits Record, Outpaces Business & Financial Services
According to the data, 2008 proved to be a very good year for the energy and utilities industry, as it saw annual investment more than double to a record of nearly $3.6 billion put into 124 deals from $1.7 billion in 101 deals in 2007. Eighty-six renewable energy deals accounted for 86%, or $3.1 billion, of the industry's annual investment total.
For the first time, annual investment in the energy and utilities industry out-paced that of the business & financial services industry, which saw investment slip 17% to nearly $2.9 billion in 321 deals in 2008 from $3.5 billion in 362 deals in 2007. Like health care and IT, business & financial services had a poor fourth quarter with just $374 million invested in 63 deals, down 49% from $733 million put into 97 deals during the last quarter of 2007 and the industry's worst quarterly showing since early 2004.
According to the data, consumer services saw a resurgence in investor interest in 2008 as the industry attracted $1.3 billion in 99 deals, up 58% from the $822 million invested in 102 similar deals in 2007. The fourth quarter of 2008 saw investment in the sector more than double to $377 million in 17 deals from $142 million in 22 deals during the same time in 2007, but this was because of the $250 million later-stage round for Austin, Tex.-based HomeAway, an online marketplace for vacation rental properties.
The smaller consumer goods industry attracted a record $485 million in 48 deals in 2008, up 31% from $371 million invested in 40 deals in 2007, due in large part to healthy investment in the vehicles and parts sector, which saw $216 million put into 14 deals in 2008.
Deals Shrink Some, Go to Older Companies
Overall, the median round size in 2008 reached $7 million, down from the record $7.4 million seen in 2007, according to VentureSource. Seed-and first-round deals accounted for the largest slice of deal activity with 947 deals, or roughly 38% of the total U.S. deal count for the year, and attracted $5.7 billion in investment. However, later-stage financings attracted far and away the most capital with some $14.4 billion (roughly 51% of all capital invested) put into 901 rounds in 2008.
"While venture investors continued to back emerging start-ups in 2008, they were clearly focusing their money on supporting their existing portfolio companies, a trend we can expect to see until the recession bottoms out," said Ms. Canning.
According to the report, California was once again the leading destination for venture capital in 2008, accounting for 44% of all deals with 1,121 and 51% of all capital invested with upwards of $14.6 billion. The San Francisco Bay Area attracted the bulk of the state's venture investment with 848 deals garnering $11.2 billion, up 4% from the $10.8 billion put into 888 deals in 2007 and the region's highest investment total since 2001.
In other regions, the data showed that:
New England attracted $3.4 billion in venture capital with 328 deals, 19% less than 2007 when $4.2 billion was put into 377 deals.
For the first time since 2003, Southern California saw its annual venture investment fall, down more than 18% to $3.2 billion as the region saw only $422 million in investment in the fourth quarter--its weakest quarter in more than 5 years.
The New York metropolitan region saw investment climb 11% to roughly $2 billion in 2008 with 201 deals completed.
Washington State saw venture investment fall below the billion-dollar mark for the first time since 2005 with $906 million put into 93 deals, down 35% from the $1.4 billion invested in 124 deals in 2007.
Bucking the national trend, Texas recorded its best quarterly investment total since 2001 with $505 million garnered in the last quarter of the year. Even so, its annual investment total fell 11% to roughly $1.2 billion in 2008.
Investments in Potomac-area companies fell 9% to $998 million in 84 deals in 2008 from $1.1 billion in 110 deals in 2007.