Microsoft System Center System Center 2012 SP1 and later is supported for the following applications:
Server Application Virtualization
Microsoft Team Foundation Server Microsoft Team Foundation Server 2012 and later is supported.
The blog post also noted some caveats to note regarding specific versions of Windows Server roles and services which are certified by Microsoft as supported and not supported on Windows Azure. Specifically:
Windows Server Roles Windows Server 2008 R2 and later versions are supported for the following roles. This list will be updated as new roles are confirmed:
Active Directory Domain Services
Active Directory Federation Services
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Network Policy and Access Services
Print and Document Services
Web Server (IIS)
Windows Server Update Services
The following roles are not supported on Windows Azure Virtual Machines:
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server
Remote Access (Direct Access)
Windows Deployment Services
The following Windows Server features are not supported by Microsoft on Azure VMs:
BitLocker Drive Encryption (on the OS disk – may be used on data disks)
It's worth noting this is a list of the Microsoft-supported Microsoft apps and services that run on a VM in Azure. Microsoft also is developing and has developed versions of some of these same apps and services that don't need to run in a VM. Examples: SQL Database (the offering formerly known as SQL Azure) and BizTalk Services.
Microsoft announced last year that these persistent VMs will allow users to run Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, OpenSUSE 12.1, CentOS 6.2, Ubuntu 12.04 and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP2 and apps built on these Windows Server and Linux variants on Windows Azure.