The ReefShark chipset includes support for massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (mMIMO) antennas, radio and baseband. It halves the size of mMIMO antenna and uses 85 percent less energy, according to Nokia.
Reuters reports that the new Nokia technology will allow antennas to be reduced from current heights of between 1m and 2.6m to about 45cm (3.3ft and 8.5ft to 1.5ft), offering more choices for deploying them.
The chipsets are also enabled for automated beamforming, which will give networks more options to boost cell range and provide more capacity where it's needed.
Nokia's announcement comes as carriers ramp up 5G plans. AT&T plans to be one of the first US carriers to roll-out 5G, aiming to reach 12 markets by the end of 2018.
The Trump administration is reportedly being encouraged to build a secure, centralized, and nationalized 5G network to support its military capabilities and build resilience to threats from China.
Saying China is poised to become the global leader in 5G and AI, the US government has suggested mandating 5G standards to protect its physical and virtual borders, as well as working with allies to deploy 5G in developing nations, according to documents Axios reported as being prepared by a senior US government official.