Babies may have three biological parents with new fertility advances

New advances in fertility treatments may make it possible for a newborn baby to have three biological parents.
Written by Andrew Nusca, Contributor

Fertility drugs have offered older women a better chance of bearing children, but new advances may leave the possibility that a newborn baby could have three biological parents.

Until now, in vitro fertilization has given renewed hope to older women wanting to have children. But babies born to older women suffer a disproportionately high rate of birth defects and genetic disease.

That's because degradation of the area of the region of the egg around the nucleus could adversely affect the babies of older mothers.

Japanese researchers have set out to fix that problem by implanting the nucleus of an older woman's egg into the egg cell of a younger donor. That means the baby has a better chance of being born without defects.

Except now that baby technically has three biological parents: Dad, Mom and Mom's egg cell donor.

It's not the first time scientists have confronted the problem. In February of last year, British scientists created embryos made from the DNA of one mother and the mitochondrial DNA of another. The embryos never matured, but researchers in Oregon managed to develop mature monkeys using the technique.

The Japanese eggs have not matured so far, but 31 of the eggs were fertilized to prove the concept.

The term "three biological parents" is somewhat of a misnomer, however, since the egg donor does not pass on any genetic material. But it raises a new legal issue to be addressed.

This post was originally published on Smartplanet.com

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