Samsung is drawing closer and closer to the technology that will transform the future of smartphones and tablets. It will show off its progress in a couple weeks at CES 2013 when it demos a 5.5-inch flexible display with a 1280x720 resolution and a 267 pixel density (an upgrade to the one pictured above from CES 2011).
While these displays are still at least a couple years away from being used in mainstream products, they represent the next big innovation in mobile devices. They will enable much thinner, more power-efficient smartphones and tablets, and a lot more flexibility (pun intended) in product designs and form factors.
The big question is whether or not Samsung would share this innovation with Apple.
Since Samsung is also the maker of lots of mobile hardware components, Apple had been one of its best customers. And from Apple’s point of view, Samsung was one of its most important partners for the iPhone, iPad, and iPod lines.
However, the legal cold war between the two companies has inevitably altered the relationship. Apple has been methodically moving business away from Samsung. While some of this has been guised in the wisdom of diversifying its supply chain, it’s impossible not to suspect this as retribution for its perceived improprieties on Samsung’s part.
Apple has significantly reduced its reliance on Samsung for memory chips. It is reportedly doing everything in its power to stop using Samsung to build the processors for its mobile devices. And it has moved much of its display business from Samsung to rival LG -- although it had to reportedly go back to Samsung and use it to make the Retina display for the iPad 3 because neither LG nor Sharp could meet Apple’s next-generation display requirements.
Meanwhile, both Apple and Samsung continued to gobble up most of the profits in the mobile device market in 2012. As they go their separate ways, both companies are doing fine. The two will almost certainly continue to dominate the mobile market in 2013, as they introduce incremental improvements to their market-leading devices.
However, it’s when we get to the next big leap forward that the divergence between Apple and Samsung could really matter.
The kind of flexible OLED displays that Samsung is showing off at CES in January are going to change the game. Because they are bendable, less breakable, lighter, thinner, and more energy-efficient, they will unleash a wave a new designs in mobile devices -- lots of the things that haven’t even been imagined yet as well as designs that weren’t possible until the right technologies and materials were available.
Samsung is far and away the leader in this category. According to its own executives, Samsung produces over 90% of the OLEDs currently sold. And, it’s the only company publicly showing off these types of bendable OLEDs on a large scale -- and it’s been doing it for over two years.
Other companies like Philips, Sony, and Nokia have talked up this concept, but none of them are as close to bringing it to the real world as Samsung is.
So, the natural question is where this would leave Apple if Samsung does end up as the clear winner in the OLED race? Would it withhold the technology from its bitter rival and reserve the technology only for its own Samsung-branded devices?
The division that makes Samsung displays and the one that makes Samsung smartphones and tablets are two separate businesses within Samsung and each has their own P&L statements to optimize. So, it’s doubtful that Samsung will keep the display technology to itself -- at least not indefinitely.
But, since Samsung and Apple have such a fierce rivalry in the mobile market and now have such bad blood between them because of their legal squabbles, it’s not hard to imagine Samsung giving its own devices the exclusive first implementation of flexible OLED displays.
It will eventually sell them to Apple and other device makers to make their own designs. But, since this technology represents such game-changing, corner-turning opportunity, the rest of Samsung’s competitors will be a step behind and could inevitably be viewed as copycats.