Fedora Linux on M-powered Macs will be here shortly

Fedora, a mature desktop Linux, will be available by the end of the month on your Apple M1 or M2 Macs.
Written by Steven Vaughan-Nichols, Senior Contributing Editor
Fedora Asahi Remix Linux
Fedora Asahi Remix Linux Project

A few months ago, running Linux on Apple's M1 and M2-powered Macs became possible. It wasn't easy, mind you. But thanks to the work of Asahi Linux developers, it could be done. Now, Asahi founder and project lead Hector Martin, joined by Fedora Linux developers Neal Gompa and Davide Cavalca, has announced at the Flock Fedora Project's contributor-focused conference that you will soon be able to run Fedora Asahi Remix, a Fedora-Asahi Linux mix, on Apple's ARM-based computers. 

Programmers from both projects had been working toward this goal for some time. As Martin explained, "The Fedora Asahi project started in late 2021, and work began in 2022 alongside the Arch ARM release."

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The plan all along has been "to bring full Linux support to Apple Silicon machines, across all distributions," said Martin. "Much of our initial work focused on the kernel and bootloaders, which can be shared between distros. But as we started reaching the point where kernel support was enough for a (bare-bones) usable system, we still had a lot of distro integration work left."

"Our goal," he continued, "is for all distros to eventually integrate all this work so that users can use their choice of distro and be confident that it will work well on their machine. But, in order to kick off this process, we had to prototype what this integration looks like, which meant we had to create our own distro." That's the Asahi Arch Linux ARM remix.

But, that was only a step toward their ultimate goal. "After all," noted Martin, "maintaining bespoke downstream distro remixes is a chore, and we can't rely on unofficial third-party support to bring our work to every other distro." 

They were pleased, therefore, when Gompa and Fedora knocked on their virtual door. Besides making Linux on modern Macs more accessible, Martin said that the Asahi team could focus "on what we do best: reverse engineer hardware and develop bespoke drivers and software. But not only that, but it also means we can offer an even better experience for Linux on Apple Silicon users."

For example, Gompa explained that Fedora Workstation will be available on the M1/M2 hardware in GNOME and KDE versions. These are essentially the "spins just tweaked and enabled to ship on Apple silicon hardware." There's also a server and minimal installation. The Fedora KDE variant is the flagship of this new Fedora family Linux.   

What does that mean for you? Gompa explained: "You can buy a Mac Mini and run it keep it in your bedroom, and not hate your life." Cavalca added, "If you're just doing simple stuff like a browser and some documents and whatever, it's actually in a good working state. I use it as a daily driver."

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Apple remains uninvolved in this port, which can be a problem. For example, Linux audio speaker support is a real problem because, Gompa said, "there's no firmware on the speakers to actually keep them from blowing up there. It's all entirely software controlled by the operating system. So you can pump as much volume as you want. And you can fry them." He added: "Going to an Apple store to repair your laptop after you've blown up the speakers like that is a dicey move."

It's not all a pain, however. Gompa observed:

"Apple's like every other normal PC maker. They don't actually change everything all the bloody time because it makes their own software development lives hell. So what they've done is built an internal standard platform, and they build on top of that for every successive platform. So a lot of the stuff we built originally for the M1, also worked for the M1 Pro,  M1 Max, M2, and so on. On top of that, Apple has a high tendency of reusing its hardware configurations across generations. So a lot of the drivers' stuff we've done has essentially been able to be one-to-one reuse. The main thing is that oftentimes ports change and the internal configuration for device reasons, whatever, but the actual drivers and enablement work tends not to be too bad. Sometimes there are some new quirks that must be dealt with. But that's no different than what happens on x86."

 Martin added: "We're still working out the kinks and making things even better, so we are not quite ready to call this a release yet.   We aim to officially release the Fedora Asahi Remix by the end of August 2023. Look forward to many new features, machine support, and more."

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Looking ahead, Martin proclaimed, "The new Asahi Linux flagship distribution will be Fedora Asahi Remix!"

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