Spam techniques now 'triple threat'

Spammers are combining their circumvention techniques to increase the efficacy of attacks, according to security company Symantec.

Spammers are combining their circumvention techniques into a "triple threat" to increase the efficacy of their attacks, according to Symantec.

Paul Wood, MessageLabs intelligence senior analyst, Symantec, said in a statement spammers are combining three more established spam techniques--Captcha-breaking, social networking spam and using Web mail--in an attempt to fool spam filters.

Spam levels of economies in the Asia-Pacific region (%)
Hong Kong92.3
China91.1
Malaysia89
Vietnam88.7
Singapore88.4
The Philippines88.3
India88
Indonesia87.1
Total91.4

Spammers have for the past few years used sophisticated character recognition software to break the Captcha system. Captcha is a verification system commonly found on e-mail account sign-up pages, which displays a set of graphically-distorted numbers and alphabets, meant to be readable to a human but harder for automatic software to recognize and register for an account.

The use of Web mail also shows that cybercriminals are using more reputable Web sites which are less likely to get blocked, debunking a "common misconception that [spammers] are more likely to use less-reputable Web sites...to hide malware," noted MessageLabs.

The antispam company said the number of new sites hosting malware was slashed from 3,561 in April to 1,149 in May, showing that more established-domains were being used to host malicious content. Furthermore, a huge 84.6 percent of domains blocked for hosting malware had been established for over a year.

Wood explained that newer domains tend to get flagged as suspicious because they are typically temporary sites set up just to host spam and malware, and also get shut down faster. Trustworthy older domains can be compromised through SQL injection attacks, he said.

The trend of abusing trust also extends to the proliferation of social networking spam, said Wood. Social networking sites pose a number of varying threats to users, from the availability of personal data on these sites increasing the likelihood of phishing, to the higher chances of users clicking on spam links because they trust friends who "send" it to them.

According to MessageLab, the month of May saw the global ratio of spam rise by 5.1 percent over April to hit 90.4 percent. Hong Kong was the most-spammed economy at 92.3 percent.