The European Union has imposed sanctions today against China, Russia, and North Korea for past cyber-attacks carried out against European citizens and businesses.
In a ruling from the European Council, the EU has sanctioned:
The sanctions consist of a travel ban and an asset freeze.
EU citizens and businesses are also prohibited from engaging in transactions with entities on the sanctions list, which includes six individuals and three companies:
EU officials said the two Chinese citizens were members of APT10, the Chinese hacking group behind Operation Cloud Hopper, while the four Russians were four GRU agents involved in the attempted hack against the WiFi network of the OPCW.
The EU said these are the first sanctions it imposed due to other countries launching cybre-attacks against member countries.
The US has already sanctioned some of the same individuals for the same cyber-attacks, and Washington has heavily pressured its trans-Atlantic partner to impose similar measures.
Furthermore, Germany has also recently asked its European partners for similar sanctions against Russia for the 2014 German Parliament (Bundestag) hack.
In a response last month, Russia said the German government hasn't not bothered providing evidence of the hack, claiming Berlin was actually interested in imposing the sanctions rather than proving its case.