A driverless public electric shuttle will this week start operating around the Tonsley Innovation District in South Australia as part of a five-year trial, marking the first use of autonomous vehicle technology on public roads in the state.
The Navya Arma Flinders Express (FLEX) electric shuttle will transport passengers -- who can book a free ride from Wednesday -- at speeds of up to 30km, and will be managed by an on-board chaperone who will advise passengers and ensure safety, according to Flinders University, which partnered with industry supporters for the trial.
FLEX will operate on weekdays between 10am to 2pm, and will initially provide services between Clovelly Park Train Station and Tonsley's Main Assembly Building, and connections to bus stops on the main South Road and businesses in the Tonsley precinct.
Within a year, the shuttle will run to Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University's Bedford Park campus before using main roads around the Bedford Park precinct, the university said.
The vehicle will be docked within a six-bay solar recharge garage, which will be available for free to members of the public who need to charge their own vehicles.
"Our aim is not to prove the technology, but rather expose the public to this new type of transport service and learn from their responses and reactions to help driverless vehicles gain general acceptance," said Flinders University head of civil engineering professor Rocco Zito.
"This research project is a perfect example of how universities, government, and industry can collaborate to provide enhanced mobility services that can really make a difference to people's lives."
The three-stage AU$4 million driverless shuttle project received AU$1 million from the SA government's AU$10 million Future Mobility Lab Fund last year. Also receiving funding was a driverless shuttle trial at Adelaide Airport to transport passengers to and from the airport's terminal and the long-term car park; as well as driverless car supplier RDM Group, which received AU$1 million for a driverless cargo pod trial.
The South Australian government approved on-road trials of driverless cars on the state's roads after the state government and national independent road research agency ARRB Group successfully carried out the country's first driverless car trial on Adelaide's Southern Expressway.
On Monday, the NSW government announced the establishment of a AU$10 million fund to progress trials of driverless vehicles, expected to allow governments, universities, the private sector, and startups to work together to develop and test driverless tech in the state.
Legislation was passed last year to enable the NSW minister for Roads, Maritime and Freight to approve trials of automated vehicles. The first trial under the legislation -- a shuttle bus -- kicked off at Sydney Olympic Park in March.
In Western Australia, Perth is hosting a trial of Navya's "Autonom" autonomous vehicles, with the aim to make a trip bookable on a smartphone app once rolled out. The Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia began trialling its driverless electric shuttle bus in August 2016, which ended up carrying more than 2,000 passengers long the South Perth Esplanade.
In Victoria, meanwhile, the "Autonobus" is driving students around La Trobe University campus as part of a trial that is set to end next month; while Transurban has completed trials of highly and partially automated vehicle on roads in both NSW and Victoria.
The global market for autonomous electric vehicles is set to reach $7 billion by 2050, according to Flinders University.
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As part of the 2018-19 state Budget, the NSW government will be funding driverless car trials with AU$2.5 million each year, for four years.
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