Below are all the privacy-focused features that are expected to land in the stable version of Android Q at the end of August.
Access to clipboard data
Android apps can no longer access the Android operating system's clipboard data unless they are in focus (running in the foreground aka on screen).
Apps can access clipboard data while in the OS background if they are also the default input method editor (IME) --aka the default keyboard apps.
MAC address randomization on by default
Google introduced MAC address randomization in Android 6.0, but devices broadcast a random MAC address only when the smartphone would initiate a background Wi-Fi or Bluetooth scan.
Android Q devices will now transmit a randomized MAC address by default, at all times, and for all communications.
Despite security researchers proving that they can still track devices with randomized MAC addresses, supporting this feature will reduce the efficiency of some data harvesting and user tracking operations.
Removing easy access to network data
Android Q will also remove the /proc/net function that gives out information about the device's network state.
App developers have other alternatives, but those are safeguarded by permissions, menaing the free lunch for some data harvesters is over.
Removing easy access to device details
Similarly, starting with Android Q, Google will also require app developers to request a special permission before they can access what the OS maker calls "non-resettable device identifiers" --device IMEI and serial number.
Non-ranked contact data
Google has also decided that Android Q will stop tracking contacts based on the frequency of interaction.
Any app that received the permission to access the user's contacts will only get non-ranked contacts going forward.
More control over location data
Probably one of the coolest features that will be included in Android Q is the new permissions prompt for accessing location data.
Starting with the next Android release, users will be able to give apps access to location data all the time or only when the app is in focus (in the foreground).
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