Before starting on this, you should know, as Microsoft Senior Program Manager Rich Turner recently explained, that WSL is still a work in progress: "We're not done yet. We have a long way to go yet until we can fully say that this thing is really comprehensibly compatible with the majority of [developer] tools that you want to use."
In addition, Turner said WSL is for shell-users and programmers. Microsoft doesn't object to you trying to run X Window graphic programs, but don't expect much help from them either.
One final word of warning: If you do this, you're replacing Ubuntu on WSL with SUSE. It's a one-way trip.
Now, on with the show.
First, boot up Windows 10, then turn on Developer Mode (via Settings > Update & security > For developers), and search for "Windows Features." Next, choose "Turn Windows features on or off" and enable Windows Subsystem for Linux (Beta).
You'll then need to create a non-root user. The first time you run Ubuntu, you'll be prompted to create this user and give it a password. This user ID and password has nothing to do with your Windows username and password.
You're now ready to run Ubuntu and Bash on WSL. Before moving on, you should update Ubuntu to the latest versions. To do that, run the following commands from the Bash shell:
Run a few commands and make sure all's well with your newly refreshed Ubuntu system. Now it's time to give SUSE a try.
Start by downloading the openSUSE Docker userspace. You do this with the following command: