At the top of them is a new chip, designed in‑house in Cambridge, UK.
The Broadcom BCM2712 quad-core 64-bit Arm Cortex-A76 processor is three generations ahead of the one used in the Raspberry Pi 4, and is not only faster than the old chip -- between two and three times faster -- but it also consumes less power, which in turn should mean it runs cooler.
Raspberry Pi 5 tech specs
2.4GHz quad-core 64-bit Arm Cortex-A76 CPU
VideoCore VII GPU, supporting OpenGL ES 3.1, Vulkan 1.2
Dual 4Kp60 HDMI display output
4Kp60 HEVC decoder
LPDDR4X-4267 SDRAM (4GB and 8GB available)
Dual-band 802.11ac Wi-Fi
Bluetooth 5.0 / Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
High-speed microSD card interface with SDR104 mode support
2 × USB 3.0 ports, supporting simultaneous 5Gbps operation
2 × USB 2.0 ports
Gigabit Ethernet, with PoE+ support (requires separate PoE+ HAT, coming soon)
2 × 4-lane MIPI camera/display transceivers
PCIe 2.0 x1 interface for fast peripherals
Raspberry Pi standard 40-pin GPIO header
The GPU also gets a boost, with the new Broadcom VideoCore VII, again developed in Cambridge, UK, offering twice the performance of the older GPU. It has support for two 4K60 displays, a big increase from the single 4K30 display that the Raspberry Pi 4 could drive.
There's also a new chip -- the RP1 -- which is the I/O controller for the Raspberry Pi 5. It provides support for two USB 3.0 and two USB 2.0 interfaces, and the Gigabit Ethernet controller. It also handles the two four-lane MIPI transceivers for camera and display, the analog video output, and the 3.3V general-purpose I/O (GPIO).
There's also twice the USB 3 bandwidth, and there's even a single lane of PCIe that will allow users to attach high-bandwidth PCIe and NMVe devices to the Raspberry Pi 5.
Even SD card access speeds have been doubled! Oh, and there's now a power button on the board!
The Raspberry Pi 5 is slightly more expensive than the Raspberry Pi 4 -- the version with 4GB of RAM is $60, while the 8GB version for $80 -- and because of changes in the layout of ports, you will need to buy a new case.
As with previous Raspberry Pi boards, this one is also built at the Sony UK Technology Centre in Pencoed, South Wales, UK.
The Raspberry Pi 5 is available for pre-order starting today, and boards will begin shipping in October.