Intel said it has created a cryogenic control chip, code-named Horse Ridge, that will make quantum computing more commercially viable.
According to the company, Intel Labs along with research partner QuTech at TU-Delft can now use Horse Ridge to control multiple quantum bits, or qubits, and allow scaling of larger systems. Intel's news comes after a rough week of competitive threats from traditional foes like Qualcomm, Arm and partners.
Quantum computing is a hot research space and IBM unveiled a commercial system at CES last year as well as a computing center. Google also claimed quantum supremacy amid hackles from the early stage industry and IBM. And Amazon Web Services outlined a quantum marketplace. The requirements of quantum computing, however, mean that most consumption will occur via the cloud. Recent developments include:
- AWS unveils Amazon Braket quantum computing service
- Microsoft's Azure Quantum employs Honeywell quantum hardware
- The quantum supremacy enigma: Can Google's claim withstand scrutiny?
- Has Google really unlocked quantum supremacy? Not so fast, says IBM
Horse Ridge, fabricated with Intel's 22nm FinFET technology, simplifies the control electronics to operate a quantum system. Horse Ridge is a integrated system on a chip that will replace bulky instruments today.
Jim Clarke, director of quantum hardware at Intel, said that Intel chose to focus on quantum controls because the limit scale. "While there has been a lot of emphasis on the qubits themselves, the ability to control many qubits at the same time had been a challenge for the industry," said Clarke in a blog post.
In other words, headlines about qubit fabrication, potential and power don't go that far if there aren't interconnects and control electronics to create a stack. Once these quantum systems are integrated there is a better shot for what Intel calls "quantum practicality."
Quantum practicality refers to the state where quantum computing can handle problems that conventional computers can't at a much faster pace. IBM is chasing so-called Quantum Advantage, which rhymes with Intel's quantum practicality.
Key points about Horse Ridge:
- It's a highly integrated mixed signal system on a chip that brings qubit controls into the quantum refrigerator.
- By acting as a radio frequency processor to control qubits in the refrigerator, Horse Ridge minimizes distance and cables.
- The Horse Ridge control chip is designed to operate at cryogenic temperatures, about 4 Kelvin, which is 7°F warmer than absolute zero. Atoms stop moving at absolute zero.
- Quantum computers operate just a fraction of a degree above absolute zero today. Horse Ridge by operating at a higher temperature can remove a big cooling challenge.
More on quantum computing:
- Google claims quantum supremacy, IBM says 'nope' -- unpacking what's important
- Quantum computing: A cheat sheet TechRepublic
- Quantum as a service: How to productize a hole in space and time
Interviews on quantum computing:
- Stefan Woerner, global leader quantum finance and optimization at IBM Research
- Jennifer Fernick, the head of research at NCC Group-North America
- Dr. Chris Bernhardt, professor of mathematics at Fairfield University
- Dr. Robert Sutor, vice president of IBM quantum computing, strategy, and ecosystem at IBM Research