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Programming languages, 5G connections, remote-working strategies, tech spending, and more: ZDNet's research round-up

From popular programming langauges to a long-term rise in 5G connections and short-term concerns over IT spending, here's the facts and figures from the past month in tech news.
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1 of 10 Tiobe

Programming languages: Rust enters top 20 popularity rankings for the first time

Rust has entered the top 20 of the Tiobe popularity index for the first time. Rust has seen its ranking rise considerably on Tiobe, from 38 last year to 20 today. Tiobe's index is based on searches for a language on major search engines, so it doesn't mean more people are using Rust, but it shows that more developers are searching for information about the language. Tiobe's top 10 programming languages for June 2020 are: C, Java, Python, C++, C#, Visual Basic, JavaScript, PHP, R, and SQL.

For more see: Programming languages: Rust enters top 20 popularity rankings for the first time

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2 of 10 JetBrains

Java still rules over Python and JavaScript as primary language

A new survey from Czech IDE maker JetBrains has found that Java, historically the most popular programming language, is still the top main language used by developers. JetBrains' survey of almost 20,000 developers found on the other hand that JavaScript is the most used overall programming language. JetBrains asked developers to pick up to three languages they consider their primary programming language. In this context, JavaScript comes out on top (39%), followed by Java (37%), and Python (31%). 

For more see: Programming languages: Java still rules over Python and JavaScript as primary language

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3 of 10 Harvey Nash and KPMG

IT leadership roles and skills are in almost-constant transition

CIO remains the most commonly used title for the executive who runs technology, but the IT leadership position is in an almost-constant state of flux. CIOs have spent 20 years proving they understand business issues as well as technology concerns. Yet, in many ways, what the enterprise needs now is someone who understands technology in detail and can demonstrate how these tools can help the business transform. This focus on technology helps explain the rise in popularity of the CTO role.

For more see: What is a Chief Technology Officer? Everything you need to know about the CTO

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4 of 10 Canalys

The PC is suddenly in fashion again, for now

PCs may have been viewed as yesterday's news thanks to the rise of smaller form factors like smartphones, tablets and wearables, but trusty laptops and desktops (and variations on them like Chromebooks and even Raspberry Pis) have proven their worth during lockdown for workers and kids doing home schooling. But that utility doesn't imply future sales: Canalys forecasts that global PC and tablet shipments will fall 7% from 396 million devices in 2019 to 368 million in 2020. According to the analyst firm, the global PC market will remain flat in 2021 and return to growth, at 2%, in 2022.

For more see: The PC is suddenly in fashion again, but there are tough times ahead for the computer industry

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5 of 10 CCS Insights

Why the next iPhone will be the 'unofficial start' to 5G

A new report from research firm CCS Insights predicts that 5G will reach the one-billion connections mark in 2022, surging to 3.2 billion connections in 2025. The analyst team behind the report said that their expectations for 2025 were even more bullish than previous forecasts. China, particularly, is expected to lead the growth, with one billion connections reached in 2024. The resilience of 5G is largely attributed to the highly anticipated release of Apple's next-generation iPhone, which is rumored to be fitted with 5G capability.

For more see: Why the next iPhone will be the 'unofficial start' to 5G

Two in three CEOs are in the driver’s seat for AI adoption according to report zdnet
6 of 10 Veritone

Organizations start to think about how AI can spur innovation

Research from tech specialist Veritone says almost three out of four (73%) CEOs and 67% of CTOs cite innovation and differentiation as driving artificial intelligence (AI) adoption in their organisation, yet half of respondents admit to lacking knowledge about the potential benefits of using AI. Most businesses say that they employ AI to complete repetitive, time-consuming tasks. Respondents indicate asset metadata creation (40%), content recommendations (37%) and captioning/subtitling/scripting (33%) as the top uses of AI.

For more see: Two in three CEOs are on board for AI adoption, according to report

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7 of 10 PwC

CFOs are more confident about their companies' ability to be more agile

US chief financial officers are plotting product, pricing, and services changes, investing in tech and aiming for agility as the potential for another wave of COVID-19 infections looms, according to a survey by PwC. As economies, businesses, and offices start to reopen, the PwC survey of 330 finance leaders highlights the moving parts. Seventy-one of the CFOs are confident that they can provide a safe working environment, and 54% plan to make remote work a permanent option, according to PwC.  

For more see: CFOs eye revenue rebuilding, hybrid work arrangements, and agility for COVID-19 waves

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8 of 10 Gartner

Execs must reach beyond short-term measures like cost cutting

Many CFOs are looking to aggressively cut costs as a significant recession looms in many countries. That's putting pressure on CIOs to deliver some big reductions in spending, at least in the short term. The problem is that many cutbacks are only measured on their potential cost savings, without considering the wider effects that proposed cost savings may have on the business, warns Gartner. The tech analyst argues that a simplistic approach could have negative impacts - or most likely fail.

For more see: Six things your boss needs to consider before cutting IT spending

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9 of 10 IDC

IT spending will drop in many areas this year

Gartner's analysys follows research from tech analyst IDC, who suggest that IT spending is likely to drop by 5% this year, with spending on hardware like PCs and smartphones falling even as some cloud projects may accelerate - especially if they help to control costs and defer capital spending on upgrades to on-premise data centres and applications. Cost cutting will vary by company; some firms will cut capital spending, while others will either delay new projects or seek to cut costs in other ways.

For more see: Six things your boss needs to consider before cutting IT spending

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10 of 10 Forrester

Forrester predicts tech spend to shrink as Australia enters into recession

Forrester has revised its tech-spending forecast for the Australian market, believing it will shrink in 2020 as Australia enters a recession for the first time in 29 years. The researcher has developed three scenarios. In its first scenario, Forrester believes Australia's tech spending could slump by around 3% in 2020, before it rebounds to positive growth of 4.5% in 2021, which is similar to 2019 spend levels. It adds that software spending growth would lead the tech recovery.

For more see: Forrester predicts tech spend to shrink as Australia enters into recession

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